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Table 1 Summary on spectrum and frequency of performed fetal, placental and maternal post-mortem examinations following fetal death in secondary and tertiary care hospitals (n = 46) across Austria (frequency n; percentage %) and comparison of frequency between types of hospital (two-sided Fisher’s Exact test; level of significance p < 0.05)

From: Institutional guidelines on maternal care and investigations following antepartum stillbirth - a national survey

Examinations Total Secondary care hospital Tertiary care hospital P-Value
n % n % n %
Fetal Autopsy Always 25 54.3 19 51.4 6 66.7 0.663
Under certain circumstances 20 43.5 17 45.9 3 33.3
Never 1 2.2 1 2.7 0 0.0
MRI Always 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 0.036
Never 38 82.6 33 89.2 5 55.6
Under certain circumstances 8 17.4 4 10.8 4 44.4
Genetics Always 8 17.4 7 18.9 1 11.1 0.314
Under certain circumstances 32 69.6 24 64.9 8 88.9
Never 6 13.0 6 16.2 0 0.0
Type of genetic test Karyotype 21 52.5 19 61.3 2 22.2 0.016
Karyotype + Microarray 10 25.0 6 19.4 4 44.4
Microarray only 1 2.5 1 3.2 0 0.0
Not disclosed 8 20.0 5 16.1 3 33.3
Placenta Histology Always 40 87.0 33 89.2 7 77.8 0.397
Under certain circumstances 5 10.9 3 8.1 2 22.2
Never 1 2.2 1 2.7 0 0.0
Maternal Kleihauer Always 4 8.7 4 10.8 0 0.0 0.871
Under certain circumstances 18 39.1 14 37.8 4 44.4
Never 24 52.2 19 51.4 5 55.6
Antibody screening Always 22 47.8 17 45.9 5 55.6 0.871
Under certain circumstances 19 41.3 16 43.2 3 33.3
Never 5 10.9 4 10.8 1 11.1
Blood cultures Always 6 13.0 6 16.2 0 0.0 0.540
Under certain circumstances 36 78.3 28 75.7 8 88.9
Never 4 8.7 3 8.1 1 11.1
Virology screen Always 17 37.0 13 35.1 4 44.4 0.769
Under certain circumstances 28 60.9 23 62.2 5 55.6
Never 1 2.2 1 2.7 0 0.0
Urine culture Always 5 10.9 5 13.5 0 0.0 0.604
Under certain circumstances 32 69.6 24 64.9 8 88.9
Never 9 19.6 8 21.6 1 11.1
Vaginal swabs Always 20 43.5 16 43.2 4 44.4 1.000
Under certain circumstances 24 52.2 19 51.4 5 55.6
Never 2 4.3 2 5.4 0 0.0
HbA1c Always 10 21.7 9 24.3 1 11.1 0.765
Under certain circumstances 29 63.0 22 59.5 7 77.8
Never 7 15.2 6 16.2 1 11.1
oGTT Always 12 26.1 11 29.7 1 11.1 0.144
Under certain circumstances 26 56.5 18 48.6 8 88.9
Never 8 17.4 8 21.6 0 0.0
Thyroid function test Always 13 28.3 11 29.7 2 22.2 0.785
Under certain circumstances 25 54.3 19 51.4 6 66.7
Never 8 17.4 7 18.9 1 11.1
Thrombophilia screening Always 9 19.6 9 24.3 0 0.0 0.163
Under certain circumstances 29 63.0 21 56.8 8 88.9
Never 8 17.4 7 18.9 1 11.1
  1. Abbreviations: HbA1c Glycosylated Hemoglobin Type A1C, MRI Magnetic resonance imaging, oGTT Oral glucose tolerance test