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Table 4 Sociodemographic characteristics associated with awareness of sickle haemoglobin status among pregnant women participants

From: Community based screening for sickle haemoglobin among pregnant women in Benue State, Nigeria: I-Care-to-Know, a Healthy Beginning Initiative

Genotype Awareness
Variables Aware (%) Not Aware (%) χ2 df p
Age in categories (years)
  < 30 200 (2.4) 8,045 (97.6) 49.01 2 0.000
 30 – 49 104 (5.4) 1,807 (94.6)    
  ≥ 50 0 (0.0) 11 (100)    
Marital Status
 Single 0 (0.0) 24 (100) 1.893 4 0.756
 Married 303 (3.0) 9,753 (97.0)    
 Widowed 1 (1.3) 66 (98.7)    
 Separated 0 (0.0) 15 (100)    
 Divorced 0 (0.0) 5 (100)    
Occupation
 Unemployed 44 (17.4) 209 (82.6) 790.94 4 0.000
 Civil servants 41 (22.7) 140 (85.3)    
 Farmers 108 (1.2) 8,727 (98.8)    
 Traders 75 (11.9) 557 (88.1)    
 Others 36 (13.5) 230 (86.5)    
Highest Educational level
 No formal education 16 (0.9) 1,790 (99.1) 621.48 3 0.000
 Primary 33 (1.1) 2,957 (98.9)    
 Secondary 133 (2.8) 4,587 (97.2)    
 Tertiary 122 (18.7) 529 (81.3)    
Income (Naira)
 0 – 20,000 251 (2.7) 9,132 (97.3) 65.06 3 0.000
 20 – 50,000 35 (5.8) 572 (94.2)    
 50 – 100,000 17 (13.1) 113 (86.9)    
  > 100,000 1 (2.1) 46 (97.9)    
ANC
 Yes 246 (4.4) 5359 (95.6) 84.24 2 0.000
 No 58 (1.3) 4503 (98.7)    
Gravidity
 0 – 4 264 (3.2) 8096 (96.8) 6.84* 2 0.033
 5 – 8 39 (2.3) 1633 (97.7)    
 9- 13 1 (0.7) 134 (99.3)    
Distance to facility (Km)
 0 – 5 (Walk) 214 (2.8) 7,349 (97.2) 18.04 3 0.000
 6 – 10 (Bike) 71 (3.1) 2,198 (96.9)    
 11 – 15 (Short ride) 9 (3.8) 225 (96.2)    
  > 15 (Long ride) 10 (9.9) 91 (90.1)    *Yates correction