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Table 2 Determinants of Early Infant Breastfeeding

From: Timing of initiation of breastfeeding and its determinants at a tertiary hospital in Ghana: a cross-sectional study

  EIBF n(%)     
Characteristic No Yes COR (95%CI) p-value AOR (95%CI) p-value
Maternal age in years mean (SD) 29.6 (6.5) 27.9 (6.1) 0.96 (0.93–0.99) 0.013 0.95 (0.89–1.00) 0.059
Akan ethnicity 173 (75.9) 102 (68.9) 0.70 (0.44–1.19) 0.138   
Married 205 (89.9) 121 (81.8) 0.50 (0.28–0.92) 0.025   
Urban residence 225 (98.7) 146 (98.7) 0.97 (0.16–5.90) 0.977   
Government Insurance use 226 (99.1) 148 (100.0)   
Educated mother 37 (9.84) 339 (90.2) 0.84 (0.42–1.66) 0.611 0.41 (0.13–1.31) 0.134
Employed mother 193 (84.7) 118 (79.7) 0.71 (0.42–1.22) 0.219   
Christian religion 194 (85.1) 119 (80.4) 0.72 (0.42–1.24) 0.236   
First born child 73 (32.0) 41 (27.7) 0.81 (0.52–1.28) 0.374   
ANC visits done mean (SD) 6.8 (3.1) 7.4 (3.2) 1.07 (0.99–1.14) 0.056 1.14 (1.04–1.25) 0.006
Medical conditions in pregnancy 31 (13.6) 13 (8.8) 0.61 (0.31–1.21) 0.159   
Parity mean (SD) 2.7 (1.5) 2.7 (1.5) 1.01 (0.88–1.16) 0.919   
Caesarean mode of delivery 130 (57.0) 1 (0.7) 0.005 (0 .000–0.037) <  0.001 0.07 (0.01–0.79) 0.031
Mother previously breastfed 72 (31.6) 41 (27.7) 0.83 (0.53–1.31) 0.423 0.52 (0.24–1.12) 0.097
Post-partum complication present 12 (5.3) 0 (0.0)   
Term Infant 205 (89.9) 144 (97.3) 4.04 (1.37–11.93) 0.012   
Birth Weight in kgs mean (SD) 3.0 (0.6) 3.1 (0.5) 1.57 (1.08–2.29) 0.018 0.12 (0.01–1.13) 0.064
Skin-to-skin contact practiced 145 (63.6) 12 (8.1) 0.051 (0.03–0.10) <  0.001   
Roomed in with mother 71 (31.1) 145 (98.1) 106.9 (32.9–346.8) <  0.001 31.67 (5.59–179.43) < 0.001
Male infant 114 (50.0) 85 (57.4) 1.35 (0.89–2.05) 0.159   
First minute APGAR 8.1 (1.5) 8.6 (1.0) 1.16 (0.99–1.36) 0.068   
Fifth minute APGAR 8.1 (1.4) 8.6 (0.6) 1.65 (1.26–2.17) <  0.001 1.47 (0.92–2.33) 0.104
Prelacteals given 110 (48.3) 0 (0.0)