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Table 3 Independent models predicting healthcare access, childbirth concerns, and childbirth decisionmaking (n = 820)

From: Perinatal health care access, childbirth concerns, and birthing decision-making among pregnant people in California during COVID-19

Predicting perinatal healthcare access
  β (Std. Err.) p-value Sig. Cohen’s D
I schedule extra prenatal visits if concerned
 Minoritization (POC) 0.06 (.12) 0.617   0.05
 Hispanic ethnicity 0.16 (.13) 0.233   0.11
 Difficulty paying bills −0.02 (.05) 0.740   −0.01
I seek care for health issues outside pregnancy
 Minoritization (POC) −0.11 (.13) 0.415   −0.07
 Hispanic ethnicity −0.32 (.14) 0.021 * −0.22
 Difficulty paying bills 0.10 (.06) 0.067 t 0.07
  AOR (Std. Err.) p-value Sig.  
Provider has begun remote visits
 Minoritization (POC) 0.83 (.15) 0.311   
 Hispanic ethnicity 1.07 (.21) 0.710   
 Difficulty paying bills 1.06 (.08) 0.451   
Provider has reduced number of prenatal visits
 Minoritization (POC) 0.75 (.15) 0.158   
 Hispanic ethnicity 0.82 (.17) 0.342   
 Difficulty paying bills 1.29 (.1) < 0.001 ***  
Predicting concerns about childbirth healthcare access
  β (Std. Err.) p-value Sig. Cohen’s D
I worry about missing support person during birth
 Minoritization (POC) −0.02 (.11) 0.851   −0.02
 Hispanic ethnicity 0.07 (.12) 0.567   0.05
 Difficulty paying bills 0.18 (.05) < 0.001 *** 0.13
I worry about provider being unavailable during birth
 Minoritization (POC) −0.13 (.1) 0.185   −0.11
 Hispanic ethnicity 0.01 (.1) 0.899   0.01
 Difficulty paying bills 0.17 (.04) < 0.001 *** 0.14
I worry provider won’t have resources during birth
 Minoritization (POC) −0.24 (.08) 0.006 ** −0.22
 Hispanic ethnicity −0.20 (.09) 0.028 * −0.18
 Difficulty paying bills 0.19 (.04) < 0.001 ** 0.17
Predicting childbirth decision-making
  β (Std. Err.) p-value Sig. Cohen’s D
I am thinking about not having my baby in a hospital
 Minoritization (POC) −0.01 (.09) 0.922   −0.01
 Hispanic ethnicity −0.13 (.1) 0.163   −0.13
 Difficulty paying bills 0.14 (.04) < 0.001 *** 0.13
  AOR (Std. Err.) p-value Sig.  
Planned out-of-hospital birth
 Minoritization (POC) 1.14 (.43) 0.734   
 Hispanic ethnicity 0.43 (.21) 0.082 t  
 Difficulty paying bills 0.97 (.16) 0.850   
  1. In addition to constructs of interest, all models control for maternal age, essential worker status, urbanicity, and parity
  2. tp < 0.10, *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001