Skip to main content

Table 3 Descriptive statistics (means (standard deviations)) of the variables that were measured at T1 and T2. Comparison between the control group and the intervention group

From: The influence of maternal singing on well-being, postpartum depression and bonding – a randomised, controlled trial

  T1 T2
  CG n IG n CG n IG n
STAI State 37.30 (7.01) 57 36.04 (8.04) 56 33.44 (5.92) 57 33.36 (6.71) 56
EPDS 5.05 (4.09) 56 5.37 (3.55) 54 4.25 (3.38) 56 3.72 (2.95) 54
VAS comfort with the maternal role 8.01 (1.38) 56 7.98 (1.31) 56 8.17 (1.35) 56 8.32 (1.12) 56
VAS closeness to the baby 9.30 (1.02) 56 9.55 (0.61) 52 9.55 (0.67) 56 9.50 (0.66) 52
PBQ 6.82 (5.02) 57 6.63 (5.16) 56 6.04 (4.40) 57 6.77 (4.48) 56
  1. Note. CG = control group, IG = intervention group. STAI: State-Trait-Anxiety Inventory; EPDS: Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale; VAS: visual analogue scale; PDQ: Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire. N = participants included in each analysis