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Table 4 Bivariate analysis for factors associated with awareness of GDM among pregnant women attending ANC at KNRH

From: Level of and factors associated with awareness of gestational diabetes mellitus among pregnant women attending antenatal care at Kawempe National Referral Hospital: a cross sectional study

Variables Level of awareness of GDM Crude OR [95 % CI] p-value
  Aware n (%) Not aware n (%)    
Age
 20–24 39 (27.27) 104 (72.73) Ref.   
 15–19 5 (16.67) 25 (83.33) 0.53 [0.19–1.49] 0.231
 25–29 32 (28.07) 82 (71.93) 1.04 [0.60–1.80] 0.887
 30–34 28 (38.89) 44 (61.11) 1.70 [0.93–3.09] 0.084
 35 and above 21 (47.73) 23 (52.27) 2.43 [1.21–4.89] 0.012
Marital Status
 Married 119 (30.83) 267 (69.17) Ref.   
 Not Married 6 (35.29) 11 (64.71) 1.22 [0.44–3.39] 0.698
Education
 Secondary 79 (31.23) 174 (68.77) Ref.   
 None/Primary 15 (19.48) 62 (80.52) 0.53 [0.29–0.99] 0.048
 Tertiary/University 31 (42.47) 42 (57.53) 1.63 [0.95–2.78] 0.075
Employment Status
 Employed 79 (35.59) 143 (64.41) Ref.   
 Not Employed 46 (25.41) 135 (74.59) 0.62 [0.40–0.95] 0.029
Parity
 Nulliparous 40 (29.41) 96 (70.59) Ref.   
 1–3 66 (30.28) 152 (69.72) 1.04 [0.65–1.67] 0.863
 4 and above 19 (38.78) 30 (61.22) 1.52 [0.77–3.01] 0.230
History of antenatal screening for RBS
 No 105 (30.17) 243 (69.83) Ref.   
 Yes 20 (36.36) 35 (63.64) 1.32 [0.73–2.40] 0.358
History of antenatal screening for OGTT
 No 123 (30.90) 275 (69.10) Ref.   
 Yes 2 (40.00) 3 (60.00) 1.49 [0.25–9.05] 0.665
History of High Blood Pressure
 No 116(30.45) 265(69.55) Ref.   
 Yes 9 (40.91) 13 (59.09) 1.58 [0.66–3.81] 0.306
HIV
 No 117(30.79) 263(69.21) Ref.   
 Yes 8 (34.78) 15 (65.22) 1.20 [0.49–2.91] 0.688
Family Member with Diabetes Mellitus
 No 111(30.41) 254(69.59) Ref.   
 Yes 14 (36.84) 24 (63.16) 1.33 [0.67–2.68] 0.417