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Table 4 Changes in mental wellness and lifestyles during lockdown by socio-demographic characteristics, housing and living conditions

From: The perception of Italian pregnant women and new mothers about their psychological wellbeing, lifestyle, delivery, and neonatal management experience during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown: a web-based survey

  Anxiety and depression Difficulties in healthy eating Reduction in physical exercise
PHQ-4 Moderate to Severe N (%) Chi2 p-value PR (95% CI) a Yes N (%) Chi2 p-value PR (95% CI) a Yes N (%) Chi2 p-value PR (95% CI) a
Age Less than 34 236 62.3%   1 167 44.1%   1 200 62.5%   1
From 35 141 63.8% 0.71 1.02 (0.83 - 1.26) 99 44.8% 0.86 1.01 (0.79-1.30) 111 60.7% 0.68 0.97 (0.77-1.22)
Education Less than Bachelor 158 68.7%   1 127 55.2%   1 112 63.3%   1
More than Bachelor 218 59.1% 0.02 0.86 (0.70-1.05) 138 37.4% <0.001 0.7 (0.53-0.86) 198 60.9% 0.61 0.96 (0.76-1.21)
Satisfaction with economical resources Not much adeguate 224 71.8%   1 153 49.0%   1 162 64.8%   1
Very adeguate 150 52.6% <0.001 0.73 (0.60-0.90) 113 39.6% 0.02 0.80 (0.63-1.03) 148 59.2% 0.20 0.91 (0.73-1.14)
Satisfaction with your home Not much 172 74.4%   1 118 50.9%   1 128 65.5%   1
Very much 205 55.7% <0.001 0.75 (0.61-0.92) 148 40.2% 0.01 0.79 (0.62-1.01) 183 59.5% 0.20 0.92 (0.73-1.17)
Partner supporting No 78 77.2%   1 60 59.4%   1 52 66.7%   1
Yes 299 59.9% 0.001 0.77 (0.60-0.99) 206 41.3% 0.001 0.69 (0.52-0.93) 259 60.9% 0.34 0.91 (0.68-1.23)
Contacts with other people No 239 63.0%   1 154 41.0%   1 197 62.1%   1
Yes 138 61.6% 0.63 0.96 (0.78-1.19) 112 50.0% 0.03 1.22 (0.96-1.56) 114 61.3% 0.85 0.98 (0.78-1.24)
Availability of free time As before 71 65.7%   1 45 41.7%   1 55 63.2%   1
Less than before 102 65.4%   0.99 (0.73-1.34) 77 49.4%   1.18 (0.82-1.74) 86 69.9%   1.10 (0.79-1.55)
More than before 203 60.8% 0.49 0.92 (0.70-1.21) 143 42.8% 0.33 1.02 (0.73-1.44) 168 57.7% 0.06 0.91 (0.67-1.24)
Other children at home No 250 61.6%   1 165 40.6%   1 217 59.6%   1
Yes 127 65.5% 0.35 1.06 (0.86-1.31) 101 52.1% 0.01 1.28 (1.00-1.64) 94 67.6% 0.10 1.13 (0.89-1.44)
Trimester of pregnancy First 38 70.4%   1 16 29.6%   1 38 90.5%   1
Second 112 56.6%   0.80 (0.55-1.16) 76 38.4%   1.29 (0.75-2.22) 99 58.9%   0.64 (0.44-0.93)
Third 223 64.8% 0.07 0.92 (0.51-1.30) 172 50.0% 0.002 1.69 (1.01-2.81) 172 59.9% <0.001 0.66 (0.47-0.94)
  1. a Adjusted Prevalence Ratios calculated by Poisson regression with their 95% Confidence Intervals (CI)