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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics, housing and living conditions in pregnant women and new mothers

From: The perception of Italian pregnant women and new mothers about their psychological wellbeing, lifestyle, delivery, and neonatal management experience during the COVID-19 pandemic lockdown: a web-based survey

  Parameter Category Pregnant women (N=600) New mothers (N=139)
n % n %
Socio-demographic characteristics Age From 18 to 34 379 63.2% 82 59.0%
From 35 to 48 221 36.8% 57 41.0%
Education Less than Bachelor 230 38.4% a 37 26.6%
More than bachelor 369 61.6% a 102 73.4%
Area of residence North 486 80.6% 125 89.9%
Centre 65 10.8% 12 8.6%
South 49 8.2% 2 1.4%
City or village City or suburbs of a city 282 47.2% a 60 43.2%
Village 316 52.8% a 79 56.8%
Economic resources Not adeguate 312 52.0% a 72 52.6% a
Very adeguate 285 47.7% a 65 47.4% a
Working conditions In-work 454 75.8% a 108 78.3% a
Not in-work 145 24.2% a 30 21.7% a
Housing House size Less than 100 sm 387 64.5% 94 67.6%
More than 100 sm 213 35.5% 45 32.4%
Satisfied with the house no 232 38.7% 54 38.8%
yes 368 61.3% 85 61.1%
Presence of a garden Yes 253 42.2% 53 38.4%
No 347 57.8% 85 61.6%
Adequacy of electronic devices Not adeguate 136 22.7% 41 29.5%
Very adeguate 464 77.3% 98 70.5%
Social-living Presence of partner Always at home 311 51.8% 70 50.4%
At home but still going to work 275 45.8% 65 46.8%
Not co-living 14 2.3% 4 2.9%
Other children at home No 406 67.7% 99 71.2%
Yes 194 32.3% 40 28.8%
Someone else co-living No 556 92.7% 123 88.5%
Yes 44 7.3% 16 11.5%
Contacts with other people No 376 62.7% 71 51.4% a
Yes 224 37.3% 67 48.6% a
Adherence to the restrictions From little to average 12 2.00% 1 0.7%
High 588 98.0% 138 99.3%
Psychological wellbeing and support Depression and anxiety score (PHQ-4 score) b Normal to mild 223 37.2% 53 38.1%
Moderate to severe 378 62.8% 86 61.9%
People supporting (more than one choice available) Partner 499 83.2% 121 87.1%
Mother 392 65.3% 92 36.7%
Sister/brothers 231 38.5% 51 61.2%
Friends 284 47.3% 60 43.2%
Gynecologist 81 13.5% 7 5.0%
Midwife 68 11.3% 27 19.4%
Other women in pregnancy 112 18.7% 42 30.2%
Websites 38 6.3% 2 1.4%
  1. a Presence of missing data for these variables. Percentages were calculated on total of respondents: PREGNANT WOMEN Education (N=599), City or village (N=598), Economic resources (N=597), Working conditions (N=599). NEW MOTHERS Economic resources (N=137), Working conditions (N=138); b PHQ-4 is a four items scale with a total score ranging from 0 to 12 and aims to identify the following categories of psychological distress: none (0-2), mild (3-5), moderate (6-8), and severe (9-12)