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Table 3 Hand hygiene categories used in analysis

From: Hand hygiene during facility-based childbirth in Cambodia: a theory-driven, mixed-methods observational study

Hygiene Category Hand hygiene action
Adequate hand hygiene Hands washed with soap and new gloves (multiple or single) worn at each hand hygiene opportunity, no potential recontamination of gloved and/or washed hands observed
Inadequate hand hygiene Gloves (multiple or single) are changed, no handwashing with soap in between glove changing
Aseptic technique invalidated No hand hygiene actions taken at observed hand hygiene opportunity