Skip to main content

Table 2 Study characteristics of included studies

From: When birth is not as expected: a systematic review of the impact of a mismatch between expectations and experiences

# Author & Year Country of study Study design Sample size Participant characteristics Quality rating
  Health related quality of life (n = 1)
1 Fobelets et al. (2019) [1] Germany, Ireland, Italy Prospective longitudinal (part of RCT called OPTIBIRTH [2]) 862 All women had previous C-section; 83% aged 31 or over; 97% married or cohabiting; 38% birthing in Germany, 15% birthing in 47% birthing in Italy. Good (Score: 7/9)
  Psychological outcomes (n = 6)
2 Garthus-Niegel et al. (2014) [3] Norway Prospective cohort 1700 Age M = 31.2; 97.8% married or co-habiting; 47.2% first time mothers Good (Score: 8/9)
3 Houston et al. (2015) [4] USA Prospective longitudinal 160 67.5% aged over 30; 47.5% White; 26.3% Black; 33.1% nulliparous; 30.6% previous c-section Good (Score: 8/9)
4 Philipson-Price (1982) [5] Canada Cohort 30 Age M = 27.5 Medium (Score: 6/9)
5 Soet et al. (2003) [6] USA Prospective cohort 103 Mean age = 29.20 (SD = 4.99); 83% married; 67% white Good (Score: 9/9)
6 Sluijs et al. (2020) [7] The Netherlands Prospective cohort 463 Most women (63.8–74%) aged between 26 and 35 years old; 98.2–98.3% of women married or cohabiting Good (Score: 9/9)
7 Verreault et al. (2012) [8] Canada Prospective cohort 308 Age M = 32.21 (SD = 4.40); 97.1% married Good (Score: 9/9)
  Psychological outcomes and birth satisfaction (n = 2)
8 Stein De Luca & Lobel (2014) [9] USA Prospective longitudinal 164 Age M = 30; 95% White; 97% married or cohabiting; 23% previously given birth Good (Score: 8/9)
9 Tanglakmankhong (2010) [10] Thailand Prospective longitudinal 195 Age M = 25; 51.8% first time pregnancy Good (Score: 8/9)
  Birth satisfaction (n = 2)
10 Mei et al. (2016) [11] USA Prospective cohort 94 NR Poor (Score: 3/9)
11 Preis et al. (2019) [12] Israel Prospective longitudinal 330 Age M = 30, 98.5% Jewish, 95.2% married or cohabiting Good (Score: 8/9)