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Table 1 Participants’ characteristics based on overall consumption of iron and folic acid during pregnancy (N = 330)

From: Prevalence of iron and folic acid supplements consumption and associated factors among pregnant women in Eswatini: a multicenter cross-sectional study

Characteristics Total   Iron   Folic acid  
  n (%)   Good
n (%)
Poor 
n (%)
Good
n (%)
Poor
n (%)
Age, years     *   
  18–24 139 (42.1) 3 (13.6) 136 (44.2) 6 (23.1) 133 (43.8)
  25–30 101 (30.6) 10 (45.5) 91 (29.5) 10 (38.5) 91 (29.9)
  ≥ 31 90 (27.3) 9 (40.9) 81 (26.3) 10 (38.5) 80 (26.3)
Marital status
  Single 167 (50.6) 8 (36.4) 159 (51.6) 10 (38.5) 157 (51.6)
  Married but not living together 31 (9.4) 4 (18.2) 27 (8.8) 5 (19.2) 26 (8.6)
  Married and living together 132 (40.0) 10 (45.5) 122 (39.6) 11 (42.3) 121 (39.8)
Education     **   **
  Primary and below 69 (20.9) 3 (13.6) 66 (21.4) 3 (11.5) 66 (21.7)
  Secondary/high school 214 (64.8) 9 (40.9) 205 (66.6) 14 (53.8) 200 (65.8)
  Tertiary 47 (14.2) 10 (45.5) 37 (12.0) 9 (34.6) 38 (12.5)
Religion
  Christian 288 (87.3) 17 (77.3) 271 (88.0) 20 (76.9) 268 (88.2)
  Other/non-religious 42 (12.7) 5 (22.7) 37 (12.0) 6 (23.1) 36 (11.8)
Income
  Sufficient/very sufficient 130 (39.4) 13 (59.1) 117 (38.0) 12 (46.2) 118 (38.8)
  Barely sufficient 71 (21.5) 4 (18.2) 67 (21.8) 6 (23.1) 65 (21.4)
  Insufficient/very insufficient 129 (39.1) 5 (22.7) 124 (40.3) 8 (30.8) 121 (39.8)
Employment status     *   
  Unemployed 234 (70.9) 9 (40.9) 225 (73.1) 14 (53.8) 220 (72.4)
  Self employed 28 (8.5) 3 (13.6) 25 (8.1) 3 (11.5) 25 (8.2)
  Employed 68 (20.6) 10 (45.5) 58 (18.8) 9 (34.6) 59 (19.4)
Place of residence
  Urban 111 (33.6) 11 (50.0) 100 (32.5) 13 (50.0) 98 (32.2)
  Rural 219 (66.4) 11 (50.0) 208 (67.5) 13 (50.0) 206 (67.8)
Gravidity
  Primigravidity 114 (34.5) 9 (40.9) 105 (34.1) 11 (42.3) 103 (33.9)
  Multi/Grand-multi gravidity 216 (65.5) 13 (59.1) 203 (65.9) 15 (57.7) 201 (66.1)
Gestational age at first ANC     **   *
  0–12 weeks 75 (22.7) 22 (100) 53 (17.2) 26 (100.0) 49 (16.1)
  13–20 weeks 148 (44.8) 0 (0.0) 148 (48.1) 0 (0.0) 148 (48.7)
  > 20 weeks 107 (32.4) 0 (0.0) 107 (34.7) 0 (0.0) 107 (35.2)
Having a supportive partner     *   *
  Never/rarely 38 (11.5) 0 (0.0) 38 (12.3) 0 (0.0) 38 (12.5)
  Sometimes 44 (13.3) 0 (0.0) 44 (14.3) 1 (3.8) 43 (14.1)
  Always/almost always 248 (75.2) 22 (100.0) 226 (73.4) 25 (96.2) 223 (73.4)
    Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Attitudes    22.45(1.77) 19.07(3.11) 21.88(1.97) 19.07 (3.14)
Barriers    0.86 (1.05) 2.02 (1.08) 0.65 (0.69) 1.56 (1.22)
Knowledge    8.23 (3.27) 5.46 (2.81) 7.92 (3.12) 5.45 (2.81)
  1. *indicates p values < 0.05 and ** indicates p values < 0.001 from chi-squared tests. ANC antenatal care; SD standard deviation