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Table 4 Exploration of the need for psychological support among pregnant women and mothers

From: Identifying maternal needs following childbirth: comparison between pregnant women and recent mothers

Variables n Total population Women who had already given birth Pregnant women p-value
Physical state (mean ± SD/10; very bad=0 - very well=10)  423 6.57 ± 2.24 6.59 ± 2.25 6.53 ± 2.24 0.77
Psychological state (mean ± SD/10; very bad=0 - very well=10) 423 6.92 ± 2.15 6.79 ± 2.19 7.20 ± 2.04 0.09
Feeling supported by companion (mean ± SD/10; not at all=0 - totally=10) 419 7.70 ± 2.17 7.65 ± 2.24 7.80 ± 2.02 0.74
Definition of the relationship with the companion (mean ± SD/10; very negative=0 - very positive=10) 419 7.37 ± 2.08 7.12 ± 2.17 7.94 ± 1.73 <0.001
Feeling supported by family (mean ± SD/10; not at all=0 - totally=10) 423 7.42 ± 2.31 7.28 ± 2.34 7.72 ± 2.23 0.05
Feeling supported by friends (mean ± SD/10; not at all=0 - totally=10) 422 7.28 ± 2.19 7.06 ± 2.31 7.78 ± 1.80 0.01
Feeling alone (mean ± SD/10; not at all=0 - totally=10) 423 3.01 ± 2.65 3.35 ± 2.67 2.25 ± 2.46 <0.0001
Feeling stressed (mean ± SD/10; not at all=0 - totally=10) 423 3.95 ± 2.64 4.01 ± 2.66 3.81 ± 2.60 0.56
Feeling anxious (mean ± SD/10; not at all=0 - totally=10) 423 3.51 ± 2.72 3.50 ± 2.76 3.53 ± 2.62 0.68
Feeling tired (mean ± SD/10; not at all=0 - totally=10) 423 3.62 ± 2.34 3.47 ± 2.22 3.95 ± 2.57 0.11
Feeling reassured in her role as a mother (mean ± SD/10; not at all=0 - totally=10) 423 7.22 ± 2.11 7.30 ± 2.07 7.04 ± 2.21 0.28
Depression scale (EPDS: mean ± SD/30) 369 9.15 ± 5.54 9.63 ± 5.53 8.19 ± 5.45 0.01
Stress scale
 PNPSI scale (mean ± SD/95) 248 41.9 ± 12.1 41.9 ± 12.1 - -
 APSI scale (mean ± SD/60) 123 26.3 ± 6.08 - 26.3 ± 6.08  
Anxiety scale (STAI-Y1 scale: mean ± SD/80) 366 39.7 ± 12.3 40.8 ± 12.9 37.7 ± 10.9 0.07
Social support (SSQ6)
 Availability score (mean ± SD/54) 362 21.6 ± 10.9 20.6 ± 10.5 23.7 ± 11.5 0.01
 Satisfaction score (mean ± SD; score from 6 to 36) 360 29.0 ± 5.95 28.5 ± 6.16 30.1 ± 5.38 0.01