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Table 2 Participants’ demographic, pregnancy and postnatal profiles (N=425)

From: Identifying maternal needs following childbirth: comparison between pregnant women and recent mothers

Variable n Total( n = 425) Pregnant women(n = 132) Women who already gave birth (n = 293) p-value
Age of mothers (years; mean ± SD) 425 31.1 ± 3.56 31.2 ± 3.54 31.0 ± 3.57 0.61
Number of children (mean ± SD) 425 1.69 ± 0.79 1.67 ± 0.81 1.70 ± 0.78 0.69
 One child   207 (48.7) 68 (51.5) 139 (47.4)  
 Two children   153 (36.0) 42 (31.8) 111 (37.9)  
 Three children   56 (13.2) 19 (14.4) 37 (12.6)  
 Four children   8 (1.88) 3 (2.27) 5 (1.71)  
 Five children   1 (0.24) 0 (0.00) 1 (0.34)  
Age of the last child (months; mean ± SD) 293 - - 3.36 ± 2.44 -
Gestational age (weeks; mean ± SD) 132 - 36.4 ± 2.68 - -
Pregnancy care 425     
 Private gynecologist   249 (58.6) 73 (55.3) 176 (60.1) 0.36
 Gynecologist in a hospital   160 (37.6) 46 (34.8) 114 (38.9) 0.42
 Independent midwife   135 (31.8) 56 (42.4) 79 (27.0) 0.002
 Midwife attached to a hospital   40 (9.41) 9 (6.82) 31 (10.6) 0.21
 General practitioner   21 (4.94) 4 (3.03) 17 (5.80) 0.20
 Other   22 (5.18) 6 (4.55) 16 (5.46) 0.68
Prenatal care                                     424     0.56
 Yes   258 (60.8) 83 (62.9) 175 (59.9)  
 No   166 (39.2) 49 (37.1) 117 (40.1)  
Health problems during pregnancy 423     0.75
 None   252 (59.6) 82 (62.1) 170 (58.4)  
 One problem   115 (27.2) 33 (25.0) 82 (28.2)  
 Two or more problems   56 (13.2) 17 (12.9) 39 (13.4)  
Type of childbirth 293 - -   -
 Vaginal delivery     242 (82.6)  
 Programmed caesarean     28 (9.56)  
 Emergency caesarean     23 (7.85)  
Maternity length of stay (days; mean ± SD) 292 - - 3.75 ± 1.49 -
Type of feeding (at the end of the maternity stay) 292 - -   -
 Breastfeeding     231 (79.1)  
 Bottle feeding     29 (9.93)  
 Mixed feeding (breast + bottle)     32 (11.0)  
Maternal health problems after delivery 289 - -   -
 None     251 (86.9)  
 One problem     34 (11.8)  
 Two or more problems     4 (1.38)  
Child health problems after delivery 289 - -   -
 None     230 (79.6)  
 One problem     41 (14.2)  
 Two or more problems     18 (6.23)  
Marital status (n (%)) 425     0.69
 Married / In couple / In legal cohabitation (heterosexual)   413 (97.2) 129 (97.7) 284 (96.9)  
 Married / In couple / In legal cohabitation (homosexual)   3 (0.71) 1 (0.76) 2 (0.68)  
 Single / Divorced / Separated   6 (1.41) 2 (1.52) 4 (1.37)  
 Widow   1 (0.24) 0 (0.00) 1(0.34)2 (0.68)  
 Other   2 (0.47) 0 (0.00)   
Living with her partner (n (%)) 425     0.62
 Yes   417 (98.1) 130 (98.5) 287 (98.0)  
 No   6 (1.41) 1 (0.76) 5 (1.71)  
 No partner   2 (0.47) 1 (0.76) 1 (0.34)  
Upbringing of children with (n (%)) 425     0.69
 The father of the last children   415 (97.6) 129 (97.7) 286 (97.6)  
 The wife   3 (0.71) 1 (0.76) 2 (0.68)  
 Alone   5 (1.18) 2 (1.52) 3 (1.02)  
 A companion who is not the father   2 (0.47) 0 (0.00) 2 (0.68)  
 Other   0 (0.00) 0 (0.00) 0 (0.00)  
Highest level of education completed (n (%)) 420     0.24
 Primary and lower secondary   8 (1.90) 2 (1.53) 6 (2.08)  
 Upper secondary    40 (9.52) 13 (9.92) 27 (9.34)  
 Bachelor’s   177 (42.1) 48 (36.6) 129 (44.6)  
 Nonuniversity long type   11 (2.62) 2 (1.53) 9 (3.11)  
 Master’s   156 (37.1) 58 (44.3) 98 (33.9)  
 PhD   26 (6.19) 8 (6.11) 18 (6.23)  
 Other   2 (0.48) 0 (0.00) 2 (0.69)  
Professional status (n (%))                        421     < 0.0001
 Active   151 (35.9) 68 (51.9) 83 (28.6)  
 On leave (maternity or parental leave)   220 (52.3) 45 (34.6) 175 (60.3)  
 In training   7 (1.66) 3 (2.29) 4 (1.38)  
 Unable to work (disabled or illness)   13 (3.09) 7 (5.34) 6 (2.07)  
 Housewife   9 (2.14) 1 (0.76) 8 (2.76)  
 Unemployed   19 (4.51) 7 (5.34) 12 (4.14)  
 Other   2 (0.48) 0 (0.00) 2 (0.69)  
(Para)medical profession (n (%))     419     0.80
 Yes   135 (32.2) 43 (33.1) 92 (31.8)  
 No   284 (67.8) 87 (66.9) 197 (68.2)  
Profession in contact with children 0-2 years of age (n (%))    421     0.89
 Yes   82 (19.5) 25 (19.1) 57 (19.7)  
 No   339 (80.5) 106 (80.9) 233 (80.3)  
Subjective economic level (n (%))    420     0.07
 Very easy to meet household needs   53 (12.6) 16 (12.2) 37 (12.8)  
 Easy to meet household needs   226 (53.8) 82 (62.6) 144 (49.8)  
 Difficult to meet household needs   111 (26.2) 25 (19.1) 86 (29.8)  
 Very difficult to meet household needs   30 (7.14) 8 (6.11) 22 (7.61)  
Household income per month (n (%)) 421     0.57
 Less than €1000   2 (0.48) 1 (0.76) 1 (0.34)  
 Between €1000 and €1999   47 (11.2) 14 (10.7) 33 (11.4)  
 Between €2000 and €2999   78 (18.5) 28 (21.4) 50 (17.2)  
 Between €3000 and €3999   184 (43.7) 58 (44.3) 126 (43.4)  
 €4000 and more   78 (18.5) 23 (17.6) 55 (19.0)  
 Does not know   4 (0.95) 0 (0.00) 4 (1.38)  
 Refused to answer   28 (6.65) 7 (5.34) 21 (7.24)