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Table 2 Subgroup Results by Ethnicity, Age, Education, and Insurance

From: How do pregnant women’s perceptions of obstetric forceps change according to their demographic background: a cross sectional study

Question Overall Subgroup A Subgroup B Subgroup C Subgroup D
Ethnicity All (n = 499) White(n = 315) Hispanic(n = 54) African American(n = 95) Other(n = 30)
Q1 40% (n = 444) 49% (n = 278) 35% (n = 54) 25% (n = 84) a 17% (n = 24) a
Q2 2.48 ± 0.87 (n = 468) 2.6 ± 0.84 (n = 298) 2.26 ± 0.91 (n = 54) a 2.31 ± 0.90 (n = 86) 2.28 ± 0.94 (n = 25)
Q3 2.65 ± 0.90 (n = 466) 2.8 ± 0.84 (n = 298) 2.53 ± 0.95 (n = 53) 2.36 ± 0.94 (n = 85) a 2.76 ± 1.01 (n = 25)
Q4 50% (n = 430) 56% (n = 271) 42% (n = 50) 36% (n = 81) a 42% (n = 24)
Q5 55% (n = 449) 60% (n = 287) 37% (n = 52) a 53% (n = 83) 48% (n = 23)
Age All (n = 499) < 20 (n = 13) 20–29 (n = 242) 30–39 (n = 233) > 40 (n = 11)
Q1 40% (n = 444) 23% (n = 13) 41% (n = 222) 41% (n = 202) 43% (n = 7)
Q2 2.48 ± 0.87 (n = 468) 2.15 ± 1.34 (n = 13) 2.53 ± 0.87 (n = 231) 2.45 ± 0.85 (n = 214) 2.5 ± 0.53 (n = 10)
Q3 2.65 ± 0.90 (n = 466) 2.00 ± 1.29 (n = 13) 2.65 ± 0.91 (n = 229) 2.71 ± 0.85 (n = 214) 2.4 ± 0.70 (n = 10)
Q4 50% (n = 430) 33% (n = 12) 51% (n = 219) 50% (n = 193) 50% (n = 6)
Q5 55% (n = 449) 25% (n = 12) 56% (n = 225) 57% (n = 205) 29% (n = 7)
Education All (n = 499) Below High School(n = 21) High School(n = 152) College(n = 190) Post-College(n = 94)
Q1 40% (n = 444) 29% (n = 21) 36% (n = 147) 44% (n = 179) 47% (n = 86)
Q2 2.48 ± 0.87 (n = 468) 2.29 ± 1.19 (n = 21) 2.33 ± 0.83 (n = 152) 2.59 ± 0.82 (n = 190) 2.57 ± 0.93 (n = 94)
Q3 2.65 ± 0.90 (n = 466) 2.32 ± 1.16 (n = 19) 2.53 ± 0.92 (n = 152) 2.73 ± 0.81 (n = 190) 2.83 ± 0.91 (n = 94)
Q4 50% (n = 430) 33% (n = 18) 41% (n = 139) d 53% (n = 176) 62% (n = 87)
Q5 55% (n = 449) 21% (n = 19) c, d 51% (n = 144) 60% (n = 182) 61% (n = 93)
Insurance All (n = 499) Private (n = 285) Government(n = 141) Self (n = 51) N/A
Q1 40% (n = 444) 42% (n = 255) 31% (n = 131) 58% (n = 43) b N/A
Q2 2.48 ± 0.87 (n = 468) 2.6 ± 0.87 (n = 268) 2.22 ± 0.82 (n = 136) a 2.6 ± 0.89 (n = 48) b N/A
Q3 2.65 ± 0.90 (n = 466) 2.76 ± 0.87 (n = 268) 2.40 ± 0.93 (n = 134) a 2.81 ± 0.89 (n = 48) b N/A
Q4 50% (n = 430) 57% (n = 244) 35% (n = 128) a 60% (n = 43) b N/A
Q5 55% (n = 449) 58% (n = 257) 52% (n = 133) 59% (n = 44) N/A
  1. Q1, Q4, and Q5 are yes/no questions with 0 = no and 1 = yes. Q2 and Q3 are a 5-point Likert Scale question with 1 = most unfavorable and 5 = most favorable. Subgroup analysis was completed using a Kruskall-Wallis test
  2. a pairwise significance vs Subgroup A with Mann Whitney Test and Bonferroni correction
  3. b pairwise significance vs Subgroup B with Mann Whitney Test and Bonferroni correction
  4. c pairwise significance vs Subgroup C with Mann Whitney Test and Bonferroni correction
  5. d pairwise significance vs Subgroup D with Mann Whitney Test and Bonferroni correction