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Table 2 Selected demographic and birth-related variables: final survey and census data

From: Informal coercion during childbirth: risk factors and prevalence estimates from a nationwide survey of women in Switzerland

  Survey data Census data
(N = 6054) (N = 86,132)
Maternal age (years)
 18–23 195 (3.2%) 3130 (3.6%)
 24–27 707 (11.7%) 10,498 (12.2%)
 28–31 1682 (27.8%) 22,940 (26.6%)
 32–35 1950 (32.3%) 26,984 (31.3%)
 36–39 1179 (19.5%) 16,573 (19.2%)
 40+ 332 (5.5%) 6007 (7.0%)
Marital status
 Married/Registered partnership 4440 (73.5%) 63,359 (73.6%)
 Single* 1601 (26.5%) 22,773 (26.4%)
Nationality
 Swiss 4927 (81.6%) 51,772 (60.1%)
 Neighboring state 607 (10.1%) 9810 (11.4%)
 Other 504 (8.4%) 24,550 (28.5%)
Major regions
 Espace Mittelland 1666 (27.6%) 18,392 (21.4%)
 North-West Switzerland 757 (12.5%) 11,643 (13.5%)
 Eastern Switzerland 706 (11.7%) 11,645 (13.5%)
 Lake Geneva Region 1203 (19.9%) 17,085 (19.8%)
 Central Switzerland 539 (8.9%) 8290 (9.6%)
 Ticino 285 (4.7%) 2493 (2.9%)
 Zurich 879 (14.6%) 16,584 (19.3%)
Place of birth
 Hospital 5457 (90.6%) 83,256 (96.7%)
 Birthing center 338 (5.6%) 2151 (2.5%)
 At home 228 (3.8%) 725 (0.8%)
Mode of delivery
 Non-instrumental vaginal birth 3952 (65.3%) 49,429 (57.4%)
 Forceps or vacuum birth 693 (11.4%) 9492 (11.0%)
 Cesarean section 1409 (23.3%) 27,211 (31.6%)
Nulliparous 3505 (57.9%) 41,734 (48.5%)