Skip to main content

Table 1 The prevalence of HDP by Global Burden of Disease regions

From: Epidemiological trends of maternal hypertensive disorders of pregnancy at the global, regional, and national levels: a population‐based study

Characteristics 1990 2019 1990–2019
  Incidence No. ×105 (95 % UI) ASIR ×102 (95 % UI) Death No. ×103 (95 % UI) Incidence No. ×104 (95 % UI) ASIR ×102 (95 % UI) Death No. ×103 (95 % UI) EAPC of ASIR (95 % CI) EAPC of ASDR (95 % CI)
Global 162.96 (194.2–135.56) 5.79 (6.89–4.82) 39.79 (43.78–36.11) 180.76 (211.08–152.64) 4.63 (5.41–3.92) 27.83 (31.56–24.3) -0.68 (-0.49 - -0.86) -2.38 (1.67 - -6.27)
East Asia 13.9 (17.7–11.03) 1.91 (2.43–1.51) 2.44 (2.99–1.96) 7.34 (9.07–5.96) 0.98 (1.2–0.81) 0.19 (0.23 − 0.14) -1.52 (-1.13 - -1.9) -8.17 (4.08 - -18.99)
Southeast Asia 16.63 (20.5–13.37) 6.61 (8.05–5.32) 4.62 (5.5–3.96) 14.79 (17.78–12.06) 4.11 (4.95–3.36) 2.51 (3.01–2.07) -1.61 (-1.43 - -1.78) -3.28 (0.38 - -6.8)
Oceania 0.19 (0.23 − 0.15) 5.98 (7.4–4.73) 0.06 (0.07 − 0.04) 0.37 (0.46 − 0.3) 5.46 (6.82–4.36) 0.11 (0.15 − 0.08) -0.37 (-0.2 - -0.54) -0.23 (2.79 - -3.17)
Central Asia 0.75 (0.93 − 0.6) 2.07 (2.56–1.67) 0.16 (0.17 − 0.14) 0.86 (1.08–0.69) 1.69 (2.11–1.36) 0.09 (0.11 − 0.08) -0.15 (0.17 - -0.48) -2.68 (5.47 - -10.21)
Central Europe 1.12 (1.44–0.86) 1.96 (2.54–1.5) 0.04 (0.04 − 0.03) 0.78 (0.94 − 0.64) 1.61 (1.93–1.32) 0.01 (0.01–0.01) -0.74 (-0.4 - -1.07) -4.62 (21.47 - -25.1)
Eastern Europe 3.99 (5.22–3.02) 3.78 (4.96–2.84) 0.15 (0.17 − 0.14) 3.39 (4.28–2.55) 3.67 (4.64–2.79) 0.03 (0.03 − 0.02) 0.86 (1.1–0.63) -5.87 (11.56 - -20.58)
High-income Asia Pacific 1.66 (2.07–1.3) 1.92 (2.4–1.5) 0.06 (0.07 − 0.05) 1.11 (1.3–0.95) 1.44 (1.69–1.24) 0.01 (0.01–0.01) -1.71 (-1.39 - -2.03) -7.65 (22.6 - -30.44)
Australasia 0.34 (0.4 − 0.28) 3.08 (3.66–2.56) 0 (0–0) 0.3 (0.39 − 0.23) 2.17 (2.76–1.67) 0 (0–0) -1.26 (-0.99 - -1.52) -2.85 (26.23 - -25.22)
Western Europe 3.48 (4.43–2.71) 1.79 (2.27–1.4) 0.08 (0.09 − 0.08) 3.6 (4.59–2.77) 1.94 (2.48–1.51) 0.02 (0.03 − 0.02) 0.19 (0.51 - -0.12) -3.91 (26.23 - -26.85)
Southern Latin America 0.95 (1.2–0.74) 3.78 (4.73–2.93) 0.1 (0.11 − 0.09) 1.11 (1.38–0.86) 3.23 (4.03–2.51) 0.06 (0.06 − 0.05) -0.52 (-0.3 - -0.74) -2.89 (5.45 - -10.58)
High-income North America 5.41 (6.95–4.17) 3.67 (4.72–2.85) 0.07 (0.08 − 0.07) 5.36 (6.09–4.67) 3.24 (3.68–2.83) 0.09 (0.11 − 0.08) -0.4 (-0.18 - -0.62) 1.11 (19.5 - -14.45)
Caribbean 0.94 (1.16–0.76) 4.73 (5.76–3.82) 0.21 (0.25 − 0.18) 0.86 (1.04–0.69) 3.55 (4.29–2.88) 0.34 (0.45 − 0.26) -0.91 (-0.71 - -1.12) 1.63 (5.39 - -2)
Andean Latin America 0.57 (0.65 − 0.51) 2.91 (3.28–2.62) 0.69 (0.79 − 0.6) 0.98 (1.05–0.91) 2.91 (3.13–2.73) 0.36 (0.47 − 0.26) 0.06 (0.29 - -0.17) -4.49 (-1.72 - -7.17)
Central Latin America 5.61 (6.69–4.7) 6.24 (7.39–5.23) 1.03 (1.1–0.97) 4.87 (5.54–4.27) 3.6 (4.08–3.15) 0.65 (0.8 − 0.52) -1.46 (-1.25 - -1.66) -3.33 (1.35 - -7.8)
Tropical Latin America 3.59 (4.45–2.87) 4.17 (5.13–3.36) 0.96 (1.04–0.88) 3.29 (3.85–2.82) 2.77 (3.24–2.38) 0.42 (0.46 − 0.37) -1.49 (-1.26 - -1.72) -3.67 (1.89 - -8.93)
North Africa and Middle East 10.9 (13.46–8.75) 6.65 (8.18–5.37) 2.83 (3.21–2.49) 11.72 (14.33–9.46) 3.59 (4.37–2.91) 1.75 (2.28–1.33) -1.71 (-1.52 - -1.9) -4.18 (-0.18 - -8.01)
South Asia 43.52 (52.47–35.78) 8.09 (9.69–6.69) 18.74 (21.28–16.21) 38.38 (46.18–31.61) 3.89 (4.67–3.21) 10.34 (12.45–8.34) -2.7 (-2.54 - -2.87) -4.14 (-1.28 - -6.91)
Central Sub-Saharan Africa 5.71 (6.75–4.68) 22.42 (26.13–18.56) 1.03 (1.3–0.79) 9.71 (11.54–7.99) 15.18 (17.9–12.59) 1.69 (2.11–1.26) -1.19 (-1.09 - -1.28) -0.92 (1.2 - -3.01)
Eastern Sub-Saharan Africa 19.81 (23.16–16.68) 22.46 (25.89–19.11) 3.32 (3.94–2.76) 31.19 (36.29–26.39) 14.96 (17.23–12.71) 4.65 (5.7–3.72) -1.32 (-1.23 - -1.41) -1.47 (0.79 - -3.69)
Southern Sub-Saharan Africa 3.24 (3.86–2.67) 11.26 (13.32–9.4) 0.61 (0.7 − 0.54) 3.63 (4.33–3.02) 8.12 (9.68–6.78) 0.46 (0.58 − 0.35) -1.01 (-0.88 - -1.15) -1.22 (2.2 - -4.53)
Western Sub-Saharan Africa 20.65 (23.9–17.42) 23.09 (26.31–19.73) 2.57 (3.18–2.06) 37.1 (42.72–31.39) 16.16 (18.42–13.9) 4.07 (5.33–3.13) -0.97 (-0.87 - -1.06) -1.39 (1.25 - -3.97)
High-middle SDI 18.37 (22.81–14.64) 2.92 (3.63–2.34) 2.29 (2.54–2.09) 15.41 (18.6–12.45) 2.18 (2.63–1.78) 0.57 (0.64 − 0.51) -0.57 (-0.3 - -0.83) -5.25 (4.63 - -14.2)
High SDI 11.15 (13.92–8.86) 2.62 (3.29–2.09) 0.27 (0.3 − 0.25) 10.86 (12.74–9.14) 2.38 (2.8–2.01) 0.15 (0.17 − 0.13) -0.45 (-0.19 - -0.71) -1.81 (18.99 - -18.98)
Low-middle SDI 45.51 (54.38–38) 8.15 (9.69–6.82) 17.48 (19.69–15.45) 44.46 (52.08–37.58) 4.65 (5.43–3.93) 9.87 (11.42–8.36) -1.92 (-1.76 - -2.08) -3.69 (-0.74 - -6.55)
Low SDI 43.49 (50.63–36.65) 18.04 (20.86–15.26) 9.78 (11.19–8.4) 70.58 (82.16–60.01) 12.65 (14.6–10.77) 13.46 (15.8–11.38) -1.17 (-1.07 - -1.28) -1.55 (0.66 - -3.71)
Middle SDI 44.35 (53.47–36.59) 4.69 (5.62–3.88) 9.94 (10.95–9.07) 39.34 (46.14–33.05) 3.14 (3.67–2.64) 3.75 (4.23–3.28) -1.13 (-0.91 - -1.34) -4.37 (0.93 - -9.4)
  1. ASIR Age-standardized incidence rate, ASDR Age-standardized death rate, EAPC Estimated annual percentage change, HDP Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, SDI Socio-demographic index