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Table 2 Median scores for knowledge, attitude, skills and self-perceived cultural competence within each country

From: Midwives’ experiences of cultural competency training and providing perinatal care for migrant women a mixed methods study: Operational Refugee and Migrant Maternal Approach (ORAMMA) project

  Greece (N = 23) Netherlands (N = 7) UK (N = 5) Between Country differences
Pre Post p value Pre Post p value Pre Post p value Pre Post
Knowledge (score 0–28)
 Median [IQR] 16 [14–18] 19 [17–20] 0.001** 20 [17–21] 22 [20–22] 0.026* 20 [16.5–22] 23 [21–24] 0.041* 0.018* 0.001**
Attitude (score 0–11)
 Median [IQR] 7 [6–9] 7 [6–9] 0.942 7 [6–10] 9 [7–10] 0.221 8 [7.5–9] 11 [9.5–11] 0.042* 0.472 0.001**
Skills (score 0–9)
 Median [IQR] 6 [4–7] 5 [4–8] 0.156 4 [4–6] 6 [5–7] 0.047* 4 [3–6] 6 [5–7.5] 0.039* 0.450 0.787
Self-perceived cultural confidence (SPCC) (score 8–40)
 Median [IQR] 26 [19.5–30.5] 28 [22–33] 0.057 25 [21–30] 28 [24–32] 0.234 30 [28–30.5] 32 [30.5–33.5] 0.068 0.259 0.169
  1. Differences between median pre- and post-test score within each country tested using Wilcoxon signed-rank test
  2. Differences between pre- and post-test scores between countries tested using Kruskall Wallis test
  3. IQR interquartile range
  4. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001