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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of midwives receiving training on culturally sensitive maternity care (n = 35)

From: Midwives’ experiences of cultural competency training and providing perinatal care for migrant women a mixed methods study: Operational Refugee and Migrant Maternal Approach (ORAMMA) project

  All (n = 35) Greece (n = 23) Netherlands (n = 7) United Kingdom (n = 5)
Age (range) 37.9 (24–60) 37.9 (24–60) 33.9 (25–54) 43.6 (27–54)
Migration status % migrant 2.9% (1/34) 4.5% (1/22) 0% (0/7) 0% (0/5)
CC GRAS-score (median [Inter quartile range]) scale 10–50 35.00 [30.0,37.0] 34.0 [29.0,38.0] 36.0 [30.0,37.0] 35.0 [31.0,37.0]
Number of pregnant migrants supported in last 5 years
 None 0.0% (0/35) 0% (0/23) 0% (0/7) 0% (0/5)
 1–10 women 2.9% (1/35) 0% (0/23) 14.3% (1/7) 0% (0/5)
  > 10 women 97.1% (34/35) 100% (23/23) 85.7% (6/7) 100% (5/5)
Experience with language barriers in last 6 months
 None 8.6% (3/35) 13.1% (3/23) 0% (0/7) 0% (0/5)
 1–5 women 20.0% (7/35) 30.4% (7/23) 0% (0/7) 0% (0/5)
 6–10 women 8.6% (3/35) 8.7% (2/23) 14.3% (1/7) 0% (0/5)
  > 10 women 62.8% (22/35) 47.8% (11/23) 85.7% (6/7) 100% (5/5)
Experience as a midwife
  < 1 year Unknown* Unknown* 0% (0/7) 0% (0/5)
 1–5 years    57.1% (4/7) 0% (0/5)
 6–10 years    0% (0/7) 40% (2/5)
  > 10 years    42.9% (3/7) 60% (3/5)
  1. * Questions missing from the translations in the questionnaire for that country
  2. CC-GRAS Cultural Competence Groningen Reflection Ability Scale. The Groningen Reflection Ability Scale (GRAS) is a validated scale that measures participants’ general ability of personal reflection (Aukes et al. 2007) [19]. Seeleman et al. (2014) [18] adjusted the GRAS to assess reflection ability as part of cultural competence. We shortened the adjusted score into 10 items. All 10 items score 1 to 5 and together make up the cultural competence (CC) GRAS-score between 10 and 50, with higher scores indicating higher reflection ability