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Table 5 Distribution of Wijma scores according to the mode of birth and having a Doula at birth

From: Predictors of fear of childbirth and normal vaginal birth among Iranian postpartum women: a cross-sectional study

Having a doula at birth Emergency cesarean Vaginal birth
N Mean ± SD N Mean ± SD
No 129 80.2 ± 18.1 348 75.6 ± 23.2
Yes 15 86.9 ± 16.4 170 67.4 ± 25.0
t 1.36 3.69
P 0.117 < 0.001