Skip to main content

Table 3 Predictors of severe fear of childbirth (Wijma score ≥ 85)

From: Predictors of fear of childbirth and normal vaginal birth among Iranian postpartum women: a cross-sectional study

Variables Simple logistic regression Multiple logistic regression
score < 85 score ≥ 85 OR p AOR 95% C.I for OR
Lower Upper
Age (years)
  < 30 253 (56.0) 132 (62.9) 1.33 .048 1.428 1.004 2.033
  > 30 199 (44.0) 78 (37.1) 1 1
Educational level (years)
  < 12 341 (75.4) 171 (81.4) 1.43
  > 12 111 (24.6) 39 (18.6) 1
Satisfaction with household income
 Low satisfied 147 (32.5) 92 (43.8) 1.62**
 Moderately satisfied/satisfied 305 (67.5) 118 (56.2) 1
Gestational age (week)
  < 38 64 (14.2) 26 (12.4) 1.07
 38–40 322 (71.2) 159 (75.7) 1.30
  > 40 66 (14.6) 25 (11.9) 1
Parity
 Primipara 184 (49.7) 99 (47.1) 1.30
 Multipara 268 (59.3) 111 (52.9) 1
Birth mode
 Cesarean 90 (19.9) 54 (25.7) 1.39
 Normal vaginal birth 362 (80.1) 156 (74.3) 1
Having a doula
 No 315 (69.7) 162 (77.1) 1.47*
 Yes 139 (30.3) 65 (22.9) 1
Onset of labor pain
 Spontaneous 313 (69.2) 145 (69.0) 1
 Induced 139 (30.8) 65 (31.0) 0.98
Pain relief method
 Entonox 226 (50) 93 (44.3) .86
 Spinal anesthesia 85 (19.7) 50 (25.7) 1.27
 Hot water showers or massage 18 (4.0) 6 (2.9) .70
 Nothing 119 (26.3) 57 (27.1) 1
Satisfaction with pregnancy
 Not satisfied 13 (2.9) 24 (11.4) 16.62*** <.001 13.868 4.631 41.528
 Low satisfied 33 (7.3) 33 (15.7) 9.0*** <.001 7.072 2.628 19.030
 Moderately satisfied 166 (36.7) 76 (36.2) 4.1** .016 3.047 1.230 7.549
 Satisfied 186 (41.2) 71 (33.8) 3.4** .029 2.732 1.110 6.723
 Very satisfied 54 (11.9) 6 (2.9) 1 1
Perceived marital/sexual satisfaction
 Not satisfied to moderately satisfied 39 (8.6) 29 (13.8) 2.59** .018 2.066 1.135 3.762
 Satisfied 218 (48.2) 125 (59.5) 2.00*** .001 1.890 1.280 2.792
 Very satisfied 195 (43.1) 56 (26.7) 1 1
Satisfaction with husband’s support
 Not satisfied to moderately satisfied 81 (17.7) 62 (29.5) 2.06**
 Satisfied 212 (46.9) 89 (42.4) 1.13
 Very satisfied 159 (35.2) 59 (28.1) 1
  1. simple logistic regression: p < 0.25, *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001, Variables entered on step 1: education, satisfaction with income, parity, mode of birth, having a doula, maternal satisfaction with pregnancy, perceived marital/sexual satisfaction, and satisfaction with husband support. method: forward LR, Cox & Snell R Square = 8.7%, Nagelkerke R Square = 12.1%