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Table 3 Association between Healthy Baby Prenatal Benefit (HBPB) and Early Childhood Outcomes among First Nations Children

From: An unconditional prenatal income supplement is associated with improved birth and early childhood outcomes among First Nations children in Manitoba, Canada: a population-based cohort study

Outcome n Crude Rates (%) Adjusted Risk Ratio 95% CI P γ Sensitivity Value
HBPB No HBPB HBPB No HBPB
Complete Childhood Vaccinations (Age 1) 4063 1240 67.48 60.14 1.097 1.059, 1.137 < 0.001 61.6
Complete Childhood Vaccinations (Age 2) 2964 852 49.79 41.74 1.189 1.130, 1.250 < 0.001 70.9
Hospital Readmission before Age 2 1166 410 42.10 41.45 0.979 0.893, 1.073 0.648
Developmental Vulnerability at Kindergarten
 Physical Health and Well-Being 658 230 30.45 33.00 0.927 0.831, 1.034 0.173
 Social Competence 579 172 26.78 24.68 1.075 0.948, 1.219 0.262
 Emotional Maturity 467 143 21.61 20.58 1.030 0.892, 1.188 0.690
 Language and Cognitive Development 619 226 28.64 32.42 0.879 0.786, 0.983 0.023 13.6
 Communication Skills and General Knowledge 531 191 24.56 27.40 0.870 0.769, 0.984 0.027 11.3
 One or more domains 1180 387 54.58 55.52 0.982 0.919, 1.050 0.595
  1. EDI Early Development Instrument, HBPB Healthy Baby Prenatal Benefit