Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of Low-Income First Nations Women before and after Propensity Score Weighting

From: An unconditional prenatal income supplement is associated with improved birth and early childhood outcomes among First Nations children in Manitoba, Canada: a population-based cohort study

  Received HBPB
n = 6103
No HBPB
n = 2106
P Standardized Diff
Before Weighting
Standardized Diff
After Weighting
Universal newborn screen completed prenatallya (%) 10.73 6.41 < 0.001 4.32 0.00
Alcohol or substance use during pregnancy (%) 36.41 38.37 0.110 1.96 0.00
Smoked during pregnancy (%) 56.37 59.83 0.005 3.46 0.00
Did not complete high school (%) 59.07 58.59 0.703 0.48 0.01
Single parent family (%) 51.07 45.25 < 0.001 5.82 0.00
No prenatal care before 6 months (%) 8.67 17.90 < 0.001 9.23 0.00
Has mood or anxiety disorder (%) 23.63 19.37 < 0.001 4.26 0.00
Has schizophrenia (%) 0.88 0.66 0.303 0.22 0.01
Has a mental disability (%) 1.21 1.19 0.926 0.02 0.00
Family history of disability (%) 3.41 3.70 0.532 0.29 0.01
Father is antisocial (%) 5.21 4.23 0.060 0.98 0.01
Mother is antisocial (%) 2.11 2.61 0.206 0.50 0.01
Current substance use (%) 3.60 4.51 0.076 0.91 0.00
Social isolation (%) 6.77 7.74 0.144 0.97 0.00
Relationship distress (%) 16.24 14.62 0.074 1.62 0.01
Violence between parents (%) 9.27 8.31 0.172 0.96 0.01
Abused as a child (%) 20.27 17.33 0.003 2.94 0.01
Has diabetes (%) 3.24 1.76 < 0.001 1.48 0.00
Family lives on reserve (%) 2.64 4.61 < 0.001 1.97 0.00
Age at first birth
 Count 6103 2106    
 Mean 18.7 18.5 0.013 0.20 0.01
Area-level SES index (higher value = lower SES)
 Count 6098 2104    
 Mean 1.1 1.0 < 0.001 0.10 0.00
  1. aFamilies First screens are typically completed postnatally, so when a screen is completed prenatally, this indicates the presence of additional risk factors. HBPB Healthy Baby Prenatal Benefit, SES socioeconomic status