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Table 3 Association of receiving full postnatal care according to WHO guidelines with socio-demographic and obstetric care related factors

From: Postnatal care coverage and its determinants in Sri Lanka: analysis of the 2016 demographic and health survey

Variable Receiving FPNC WHO
No % Crude OR 95%CI P value
Socio-demographic factors
Residence (n = 6542)a
  Rural 4021 78.1 1.337 1.168–1.530 0.000
  Urban+ Estate 1015 72.8
Religion (n = 6542)a
  Buddhist 3270 80.4 1.652 1.470–1.856 0.000
  Non-Buddhist 1766 71.3
Nationality (n = 6542)a
  Sinhala 3473 80.5 1.762 1.566–1.982 0.000
  Non-Sinhala 1563 70.1
Mother’s age at delivery (years) (n = 6600)b
  20–34 1257 77.5 1.047 0.916–1.197 0.497
  Below 20 and above 35 3817 76.7
Maternal working state (n = 6641)c
  Working 1184 77.7 1.063 0.927–1.219 0.379
  Non-working 3920 76.6
Father’s working status (n = 5649)d
  Working 4276 77.1 1.289 0.830–2.002 0.256
  Non-working 73 72.3
Maternal education (n = 6641)c
  AL and above 1815 78.5 1.158 1.026–1.308 0.018
  Up to passed OL 3289 76.0
Father’s education (n = 5649)d
  AL and above 1147 77.1 1.007 0.875–1.160 0.918
  Up to passed OL 3202 77.0
Household wealth index quintile (n = 6542)e
  Richer/ Richest 1824 79.0 1.199 1.061–1.355 0.004
  Poorest/ Poorer/ Middle 3212 75.9
Healthcare decisions making ability (n = 6641)c
  Mother involved 4373 77.0 1.058 0.901–1.242 0.490
  Mother not involved 731 76.0
Other household decision making ability (n = 6641)c
  Mother involved 3916 77.3 1.121 0.982–1.279 0.090
  Mother not involved 1188 75.3
Spending decision on father’s earning (n-6641)c
  Mother involved 3564 77.4 1.096 0.970–1.239 0.142
  Mother not involved 1540 75.7
Maternal access to any media frequently (n = 6363)f
  Yes 4361 77.0 0.982 0.815–1.185 0.852
  No 543 77.4
Newspaper read by mother frequently (n = 6363)g
  Yes 1994 76.5 0.946 0.840–1.065 0.356
  No 2916 77.5
Watch TV by mother frequently (n = 6635)h
  Yes 4098 76.9 1.018 0.883–1.175 0.802
  No 1001 76.6
Listening radio frequently(n = 6641)i
  Yes 2455 77.1 1.030 0.919–1.154 0.613
  No 2649 76.6
Mother own mobile phone (n = 6641)i
  Yes 4096 77.6 1.225 1.068–1.405 0.004
  No 1008 73.9
Mother own bank account (n = 6641)i
  Yes 4242 77.6 1.258 1.090–1.454 0.002
  No 862 73.4
Mother use internet ever(n = 6641)i
  Yes 1033 76.0 0.943 0.819–1.084 0.408
  No 4071 77.1
Obstetric care related factors
Antenatal Registration by PHM (n = 6587)j
  Yes 5018 76.9 0.901 0.487–1.668 0.740
  No 48 78.7
Antenatal clinic care (n = 6641)k
  Received 5066 76.9 1.402 0.780–2.522 0.257
  Not received 38 70.4
Antenatal clinic made awareness on complication and services (n = 6573)l
  Yes 4736 77.9 1.917 1.579–2.329 < 0.001
  No 320 64.8
Antenatal clinic attendance frequency (n = 6587)m
  4 or more 5046 77.0 2.344 1.181–4.652 0.012
  Less than 4 20 58.8
Antenatal tetanus toxoid (n = 6552)n
  Received 4882 77.1 1.169 0.857–1.593 0.323
  Not received 161 74.2
Antenatal home visits by PHM (n = 6641)o
  Yes 4716 78.1 1.966 1.646–2.348 < 0.001
  No 388 64.5
Place of birth
  Institution 5104 76.9 Not calculated
  Non-institution 0 0    
Mode of delivery (n = 6641)o
  Normal vaginal delivery 3516 76.0 0.852 0.751–0.966 0.013
  Other 1588 78.8
Birth order (n = 6641)o
  First born 1799 75.9 0.923 0.820–1.039 0.187
  Others 3305 77.4
Sex of child (n = 6641)o
  Male 2650 77.9 1.124 1.003–1.260 0.044
  Female 2454 75.8
  1. FPNC full postnatal care, PHM Public health midwife
  2. a-o = missing values, a506; b1526; c1537; d23; e606; f1459; g1453; h1536; i1537; j1521; k1537; l1517; m1521; n1509; o1537