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Table 1 Basic socio-demographic characteristics of mothers’ with children 0–5 years of age, Sri Lanka 2016/2017 (n = 8313)

From: Postnatal care coverage and its determinants in Sri Lanka: analysis of the 2016 demographic and health survey

Characteristic Number Percentage
Residence (n = 7077)
 Urban 1114 15.7
 Rural 5523 78.0
 Estate 440 6.2
Province
 Western 1545 18.6
 Central 1061 12.8
 Southern 980 11.8
 Northern 1011 12.2
 Eastern 931 11.2
 North western 887 10.7
 North central 556 6.7
 Uva 594 7.1
 Sabaragamuwa 748 9.0
District
 Colombo 546 6.6
 Gampaha 616 7.4
 Kalutara 383 4.6
 Kandy 528 6.4
 Matale 212 2.6
 Nuwaraeliya 321 3.9
 Galle 387 4.7
 Matara 328 3.9
 Hambantota 265 3.2
 Jaffna 237 2.9
 Mannar 213 2.6
 Vavuniya 202 2.4
 Mulathive 173 2.1
 Kilinochchi 186 2.2
 Batticaloa 280 3.4
 Ampara 401 4.8
 Trincomalee 250 3.0
 Kurunagala 589 7.1
 Puttlam 298 3.6
 Anuradhapura 349 4.2
 Polonnaruwa 207 2.5
 Badulla 326 3.9
 Monaragala 268 3.2
 Rathnapura 427 5.1
 kegalle 321 3.9
  8313 100.0
Religion (n = 7077)
 Buddhist 4375 61.8
 Hindu 1284 18.1
 Islam 815 11.5
 Roman Catholic 508 7.2
 Other Christian 92 1.3
 Other 3 .0
Nationality (n = 7077)
 Sinhala 4648 65.7
 Sri Lanka Tamil 1444 20.4
 Indian Tamil 215 3.0
 Sri Lanka Moor 743 10.5
 Muslim 11 0.2
 Malay 16 0.2
Maternal working state (n = 7187)
 Non-working 5535 77.0
 Working 1652 23.0
Father’s working state (n = 6097)
 Non-working 109 1.8
 Working 5988 98.2
Maternal education (n = 7187)
 Primary or no schooling 360 5.0
 6–10 3165 44.0
 Passed OL 1173 16.3
 Passed AL 2089 29.1
 Degree or higher 400 5.6
Father’s education (n = 6097)
 Primary or no schooling 499 8.2
 6–11 3009 49.4
 OL 994 16.3
 AL 1338 21.9
 Degree or higher 257 4.2
Mother’s age at delivery (years) n = 7140
 15–19 460 6.4
 20–34 5372 75.2
 35–49 1308 18.3
Household wealth index (n = 7077)
 Poorest 1760 24.9
 Poorer 1463 20.7
 Middle 1362 19.2
 Richer 1362 19.2
 Richest 1130 16.0
Healthcare decisions making (n = 7187)
 Mother involved 6136 85.4
 Mother not involved 1051 14.6
Other household decision making (n = 7187)
 Mother involved 5472 76.1
 Mother not involved 1715 23.9
Having access to any media frequently (n = 6869)
 Yes 6104 88.9
 No 765 11.1
Birth order
 First born 3214 38.7
 Second or Third 4581 55.1
 Fourth or fifth 475 5.7
 Six or more 43 0.5
Sex of child
 Male 4279 51.5
 Female 4034 48.5
Age of child (years)
 0–1 1500 18.2
 1–2 1560 19.0
 2–3 1708 20.8
 3–4 1673 20.4
 4–5 1709 20.8
 5+ 71 0.9
Place of birth
 Government hospital 7880 94.8
 Private hospital 394 4.7
 Other 39 0.5
Place of birth
 Institutional 8276 99.6
 Non-institutional 37 0.4
Mode of delivery
 Normal vaginal delivery 5728 68.9
 Caesarean section 2461 29.6
 Other 85 1.0
Antenatal care (n = 7187)
 Received 7118 99.0
 Not 69 1.0
Registered by aPHM (n = 7118)
 Yes 7047 99.0
 No 71 1.0
Antenatal clinic frequency (n = 7118)
 More than or equal four visits 7078 99.4
 Less than four visits 40 0.6
Antenatal tetanus toxoid (n = 7072)
 Yes 6831 96.6
 No 241 3.4
Antenatal awareness on where to go with complications (n = 7094)
 Yes 6540 92.2
 No 554 7.8
Antenatal home visits by aPHM(n = 7187)
 Yes 6510 90.6
 No 677 9.4
Number of antenatal home visits by aPHM (n = 6510)
 1 587 9.0
 2 854 13.1
 3 1300 20.0
  > =4 3770 57.9
  1. aPHM public health midwife