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Table 6 Incidence of catastrophic expenses by type of birth (as a % of households’ ability to pay)

From: Social and economic consequences of the cost of obstetric and neonatal care in Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo: a mixed methods study

All the women   Expenses ≥ 5% Expenses ≥ 10% Expenses ≥ 20% Expenses ≥ 40%
  (N) n % ǂ Mean ± SD (US$) n % ǂ Mean ± SD (US$) n % ǂ Mean ± SD (US$) n % ǂ Mean ± SD (US$)
All treatments 411 386 93.9   351 85.4   303 73.7   240 58.4  
By type of birth
 Normal delivery 239 214 89.5 83 ± 72 186 77.8 89 ± 74 143 59.8 101 ± 79 89 37.2 118 ± 83
 Complicated vaginal delivery 52 52 100 207 ± 128 48 92.3 220 ± 125 45 86.5 232 ± 119 39 75.0 247 ± 116
 Cesarean section 120 120 100 337 ± 160 117 97.5 345 ± 156 115 95.8 350 ± 152 112 93.3 354 ± 148
  1. ǂ: % calculated by dividing n (number of women with percentage greater than or equal to the threshold) compared to N (number of women included in the study)