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Table 3 Mode of Delivery, Complications, Newborn profile and Length of stay

From: Social and economic consequences of the cost of obstetric and neonatal care in Lubumbashi, Democratic Republic of Congo: a mixed methods study

Characteristics Frequency (n = 411)
n (%)
Stay in days
mean ± SD
Type of birth
 Cesarean section 120 (29.2) 5 ± 24
 Complicated vaginal delivery 52 (12.7) 16 ± 51
 Normal delivery 239 (58.2) 14 ± 39
Complications of childbirth
 No 240 (58.4) 5 ± 24
 Yes 172 (41.8) 15 ± 43
Types of obstetric complications
 Eclampsia and pre-eclampsia 21 (12.3) 8 ± 5
 Hemorrhages 49 (28.7) 15 ± 53
 Dystocia (extended work) 99 (57.9) 16 ± 43
 Uterine ruptures 3 (1.7) 16 ± 23
Newborns (n = 416)
Sex
  Female 177 (42.5)  
  Male 239 (57.5)  
State at birth
  Living 388 (94.4)  
  Stillborn 24 (5.8)  
  Death after birth 4 (0.9)  
Newborn complications
  No 314 (75.5) 6 ± 17
  Yes 102 (25.5) 19 ± 60
  1. SD = Standard deviation