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Table 3 Proportion of providers who conducted VE in last 3 months, by exposure to training modality

From: Factors related to the practice of vacuum-assisted birth: findings from provider interviews in Kigoma, Tanzania

  Conducted VE in last 3 months
n % p-value
Total 297 30.6  
In-service training with hands-on solo practice 76 65.8 < 0.001
Used E-learning on VE 70 54.3 < 0.001
Received coaching or mentoring in VE 143 51.0 < 0.001
Pre-service training with hands-on solo practice 38 50.0 0.006
Colleagues encouraged you to conduct VE 186 44.1 < 0.001
Saw a video on how to perform VE 165 41.8 < 0.001
Had colleagues who also had VE in-service training 212 41.0 < 0.001
Had training using simulator or mannequin 211 38.9 < 0.001
Had training with observation of VE 213 38.5 < 0.001
In-service training without solo practice 94 30.9 0.957
Pre-service training without solo practice 151 27.2 0.185
Categorical scoring summary
 0–6 19 12.3 < 0.001
 7–9 72 50.7  
  1. VE vacuum extraction