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Table 2 Percentage of providers who conducted vacuum extraction in the last 3 months, by select characteristics

From: Factors related to the practice of vacuum-assisted birth: findings from provider interviews in Kigoma, Tanzania

  Performance in last 3 months
n % p-value
Professional category
 AMOs / MDs 40 40.0 0.130
 COs 31 19.4  
 NOs / ANOs / RNs 95 25.3  
 Enrolled nurses 131 34.4  
Sex
 Male 136 37.5 0.020
 Female 160 25.0  
Age
 21–29 122 27.0 0.692
 30–39 66 34.8  
 40–49 64 32.8  
 50–60 44 31.8  
Years since qualification
  < 4 years 74 28.4 0.921
 5–7 years 82 30.5  
 8–14 years 57 33.3  
 15–37 years 64 32.8  
Pre- and in-service training in VE
 Pre-service only 63 12.7 < 0.001
 In-service only 44 61.4  
 Both pre- and in-service 126 57.1  
 Unspecified training 4 100.0  
 No training 60 0  
Knowledge score
 Lower 75% 222 25.7 0.001
 Top 25% 75 45.3  
Attitudinal score
 Perceived more barriers 220 29.1 0.136
 Perceived fewer barriers 77 35.1  
Administrative Council
 Kigoma Municipality 57 12.3 0.001
 Other councils 240 35.0  
  1. AMOs assistant medical officers, MDs medical doctors, COs clinical officers, NOs nurse officers, ANOs assistant nurse officers, RNs registered nurses, VE vacuum extraction