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Table 1 Percent distribution of health providers according to type of facility, by select characteristics

From: Factors related to the practice of vacuum-assisted birth: findings from provider interviews in Kigoma, Tanzania

  Total n = 297 Hospitals n = 159 Health centers n = 138 p-value
Total 100.0 53.5 46.5  
Professional category
 AMOs / MDs 13.5 11.3 15.9 0.016
 COs 10.4 6.3 15.2  
 NOs / ANOs / RNs 32.0 37.7 25.4  
 Enrolled nurses 44.1 44.7 43.5  
Sex
 Male 45.9 36.1 57.2 < 0.001
 Female 54.1 63.9 42.8  
Age
 21–29 41.2 34.2 49.3 0.009
 30–39 22.3 24.7 19.6  
 40–49 21.6 27.8 14.5  
 50–60 14.9 13.3 16.7  
Years since qualification
  < 4 years 26.7 18.3 37.1 0.006
 5–7 years 29.6 33.3 25.0  
 8–14 years 20.6 22.9 17.7  
 15–37 years 23.1 25.5 20.2  
Pre- and in-service training in VE
 Pre-service only 21.2 25.8 15.9 0.001
 In-service only 14.8 5.1 9.8  
 Both pre- and in-service 42.4 47.8 36.2  
 Unspecified training 1.3 0.0 2.9  
 None 20.2 17.0 23.9  
Knowledge score
 Lower 74% 74.7 79.9 68.8 0.029
 Top 25% 25.3 20.1 31.2  
Attitudinal score
 Perceived more barriers 74.1 78.6 68.8 0.055
 Perceived fewer barriers 25.9 21.4 31.2  
Administrative Council
 Kigoma Municipality 19.2 29.6 7.2 < 0.001
 Other councils 80.8 70.4 92.9  
Performed VE last 3 months
 Yes 30.6 21.4 41.3 < 0.001
 No 69.4 78.6 58.7  
  1. AMOs assistant medical officers, MDs medical doctors, COs clinical officers, NOs nurse officers, ANOs assistant nurse officers, RNs registered nurses, VE vacuum extraction