Skip to main content

Table 3 Psycho-social characteristics of participants to those with and without Diarrhea, Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI), and Malnutrition in Gondar Town, Ethiopia, (n = 866)

From: Effect of perinatal depression on risk of adverse infant health outcomes in mother-infant dyads in Gondar town: a causal analysis

Variable/category Diarrhea (Yes, n = 147) P value ARI (Yes, n = 187) P value Malnutrition (Yes, n = 125) P value
Yes, (n, (%) No, (n, (%)   Yes, (n, (%) No, (n, (%)   Yes, (n, (%) No, (n, (%)  
Marital relationship    0.776    0.052    0.946
 Very good 35 (26.4) 167(24.3)   48 (25.5) 158(24.4)   29 (25.6) 176(24.5)  
 Good 93 (66.0) 466(66.6)   122 (70.1) 432(65.5)   77 (66.1) 477(66.6)  
 Poor 10 (7.6) 61(9.1)   8 (4.4) 64(10.1)   9 (8.3) 64(8.9)  
Social support    0.05    0.436    0.205
 Good 126 (85.7) 565(78.6)   153 (81.8) 538(79.2)   105 (84.0) 586(79.1)  
 Poor 21 (14.3) 154(21.4)   34 (18.2) 141(20.8)   20 (16.0) 155(20.9)  
Partner support    0.251    0.266    0.078
 Always 74 (52.4) 318(45.3)   93 (49.7) 302(45.6)   60 (50.4) 332(45.9)  
 Most of the time 37 (27.2) 201(29.1)   51 (27.3) 190(29.2)   34 (29.6) 204(28.6)  
 Some of the time 18 (13.6) 136(19.7)   37 (19.8) 120(18.4)   12 (11.2) 140(20.0)  
 Rarely 8 (6.8) 40(5.8)   6(3.2) 41(6.8)   11(8.8) 39(5.5)  
Stress coping ability    0.042    0.000    0.554
 Good 65 (44.2) 254(35.3)   91 (48.7) 228(33.6)   49 (39.2) 270(36.4)  
 Poor 82 (55.8) 465(64.7)   96 (51.3) 451(66.4)   76 (60.8) 471(63.6)  
Antenatal depression    0.197    0.714    0.225
 Yes 6(4.1) 50(6.9)   11(5.9) 45(6.6)   5(4.0) 51(6.9)  
 No 141(95.9) 669(93.1)   176(94.1) 634(93.4)   120(96.0) 690(93.1)  
Postnatal depression    0.140    0.559    0.135
 Yes 8(5.4) 66(9.2)   14(7.5) 60(8.8)   15(12.0) 59(8.0)  
 No 139(94.6) 653(90.8)   173(92.5) 619(91.2)   110(88.0) 682(92.0)  
  1. Note: p-value was based on chi-square test statistics