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Table 1 The general characteristics of the included studies

From: Virtual reality applications to assist pregnant women: a scoping review

First author’s name Year of publication Country Type of study Sample size Study objective
Sridhar, et al. [19] 2020 US Case-control 30 Evaluation of the feasibility and effect of VR on anxiety in the first trimester of pregnancy and curettage under local anesthesia
Wong, et al. [20] 2020 US RCT (Randomized Controlled Trial) 40 Assessing the effect of VR in reducing labor pain
Mosso, et al. [21] 2019 Mexico Case- control 8 Assessing the effect of VR in reducing labor pain and anxiety in cesarean surgery
Noben, et al. [14] 2019 Netherlands RCT 97 Assessing the effect of VR in reducing anxiety before cesarean by providing information about the cesarean procedure
Setiawan, et al. [22] 2019 Indonesia Before-after 6 Development of VR application for pregnant women in order to do sports exercises
Frey, et al. [13] 2018 US RCT 27 Assessing the effect of VR in reducing labor pain
Jahani, et al. [23] 2016 Iran RCT 30 Determining the effect of VR on anxiety in primiparous women during episiotomy repair
Jahani, et al. [24] 2015 Iran RCT 30 Assessing the effect of VR on pain during episiotomy repair
Severi, et al. [25] 2005 Italy Before-after 12 Anxiety assessment of pregnant mothers using VR (Fetouch system)