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Table 4 Neonatal Birth Outcomes and Characteristics (mean or median, SD or range) by Maternal Race

From: The influence of exercise during pregnancy on racial/ethnic health disparities and birth outcomes

Characteristics NHW
(n = 95)
NHB
(n = 30)
p-value
Sex
 Male (n)c 48.9% (46) 40.0% [12] 0.41
Length of Gestation (weeks) 39.5 (34.0, 41.9) 39.1 (23.7, 41.3) 0.14
 Preterm (n)c 8.5% [8] 20.0% [6] 0.10
Size at Birth
 Birthweight (kg)a 3.4 (0.6) 3.0 (0.7) 0.001
 Low Birthweight (n)c 8.4% [8] 16.7% [5] 0.30
 Birth Length (m)b 0.50 (0.35, 0.56) 0.48 (0.39, 0.56) 0.004
 Head Circumference (cm)b 34.3 (28.5, 45.0) 33.0 (26.0, 36.0) 0.01
 Abdominal Circumference (cm)b 31.8 (23.5, 36.0) 29.7 (22.0, 37.5) 0.04
  1. Note: Means (SD), medians (range) and proportions are reported and aStudent’s t-test, bWilcoxon Rank Sum tests and cFisher’s Exact tests were performed, respectively. NHW Non-Hispanic White; NHB Non-Hispanic Black