Skip to main content

Table 3 Neonatal Characteristics and Birth Outcomes (mean or median, SD or range) by Intervention Group and Exercise Adherence

From: The influence of exercise during pregnancy on racial/ethnic health disparities and birth outcomes

Characteristics Intention-to-Treat Per Protocol (≥ 80% adherence)
Aerobic
(n = 58)
Control
(n = 67)
p-value Aerobic
(n = 30)
Control
(n = 67)
p-value
Sex
 Male (n)c 50.0% [29] 45.6% [31] 0.68 50.0% [15] 45.6% [31] 0.83
Length of Gestation (weeks)b 39.6 (30.5, 41.9) 39.3 (23.7, 41.3) 0.53 39.7 (34.0, 41.9) 39.3 (23.7, 41.3) 0.39
 Preterm (n)c 13.8% [8] 12.1 1.00 13.3 12.1 1.00
Size at Birth
 Birthweight (kg)a 3.4 (0.7) 3.3 (0.6) 0.63 3.3 (0.7) 3.3 (0.6) 0.96
 Low Birthweight (n)c 13.8% [8] 9.0% [6] 0.49 13.8% [8] 9.0% [6] 0.49
 Birth Length (m)b 0.50 (0.35, 0.56) 0.50 (44.5, 0.54) 0.46 0.49 (0.35, 0.53) 0.50 (44.5, 0.54) 0.45
 Head Circumference (cm)b 34.5 (26.0, 38.1) 33.7 (28.0, 45.0) 0.32 34.5 (28.5, 38.1) 33.7 (28.0, 45.0) 0.46
 Abdominal Circumference (cm)b 31.5 (23.5, 35.6) 31.0 (22.0, 37.5) 0.49 31.1 (23.5, 35.6) 31.0 (22.0, 37.5) 0.78
  1. Note: Means (SD), medians (range), and proportions are reported and astudent’s t-test, bWilcoxon Rank Sum, cFisher’s exact tests were performed, respectively