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Table 2 Maternal Descriptive, Pregnancy and Delivery Outcomes by Maternal Race

From: The influence of exercise during pregnancy on racial/ethnic health disparities and birth outcomes

Characteristics NHW
(n = 95)
NHB
(n = 30)
p-value
Demographics
 Age (yr.)a 30.2 (3.5) 29.3 (5.8) 0.29
 Pre-Pregnancy BMIa 25.2 (5.2) 28.5 (5.7) 0.004
Education Levelc, d
 Post-Secondary (%, n) 96.5% (82) 57.1% [12] < 0.0001
Activity Levela
METs (ml O2·kg−1·min− 1)
393.0 (0.0, 1225.0) 163.9 (0.0, 942.0) 0.002
Pregnancy
 Gravidab 1.0 (1.0, 5.0) 2.0 (1.0, 6.0) 0.34
 GDM (n)c 7.5% [7] 3.3% [1] 0.42
 Gestational Weight Gain (lb) 30.1 (12.1) 28.7 (15.3) 0.66
Delivery
 Cesarean Section (n)c 21.7 (21) 26.7 (8) 0.62
  1. Note: Means (SD), medians (range) and proportions are reported and aStudent’s t-test, bWilcoxon Rank Sum tests and cFisher’s Exact tests were performed, respectively. BMI = body mass index (kg/m2); GDM gestational diabetes mellitus. METs metabolic equivalents expressed in milliliters of oxygen per kilogram per minute. NHW Non-Hispanic White; NHB Non-Hispanic Black. dNineteen participants had missing data for level of education