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Table 1 Reported cases of monochorionic triplets with one acardiac fetus

From: Intrafetal laser therapy in a monochorionic diamniotic triplet pregnancy with two acardiac fetuses: a case report and literature review

Study ID Maternal age
(years)
Mode of conception Triplet
type
Diagnosis age(wks) Prenatal intervention Intervention weeks Delivery age(wks) Delivery
method
Pregnancy outcomes
Kobori S 2019 [19] 38 NS MCTA 10 RAF 18 37 CS two male live infants weighing 2662 g and 2031 g, one acardiac fetus
Yldrm E 2019 [20] 30 spontaneously
conceived
MCDA 31 No / 35+4 CS two live infants weighing 2010 g and 2150 g
Takano M 2019 [21] 36 spontaneously
conceived
MCTA 16+1 Fetoscopic laser surgery 16+1 28+4 CS two live infants weighing 917 g and 773 g
Yuan H 2017 [22] 39 IVF-ET MCDA 10 No / early pregnancy induced labor one acardiac twin and conjoined pump twins
Li Q 2017 [23] 32 IVF-ET MCDA 21 Intrathoracic selective reduction of the acardiac twin by injecting 15 mL of 10% NaCl 21+ 35+4 CS two male live infants weighing 2050 g and 1900 g
Takahashi Y 2018 [24] 29 NS MCTA 13 RAF 16+3 29+3 CS two female infants weighing 1167 g and 1237 g, one macerated acardiac fetus
Sugibayashi R 2016 [25] NS NS MCTA 13+5 RAF 16+2 36+5 NS two live infants weighing 2518 g and 2732 g, one acardiac fetus
Chaveeva P 2014 [18] NS NS MCDA 14+5 No / 22+2 Induced labor due to intrauterine demise of the two fetuses two dead fetuses
NS NS MCDA 16+2 No / 17 Induced labor due to intrauterine demise of the two fetuses two dead fetuses
NS NS MCTA 24+3 No / 34+1 NS two live infants
NS NS MCTA 13 Endoscopic laser 16 35+4 NS two live infants
NS NS MCTA 16 Intrafetal laser 16 37 NS two live infants
López-Pérez R 2015 [26] 28 NS MC triplet 20 No / 32 CS two live infants weighing 1821 g and 1512 g
Argoti PS 2013 [17] 22 NS MCTA 21 RAF 23+4 31+5 CS two live infants weighing 1515 g and 1275 g
Abi-Nader K 2009 [27] 25 spontaneously
conceived
MCDA 15 No / 26+5 CS two live infants weighing 640 g and 1000 g, one acardiac fetus
Sepulveda1 W 2009 [28] 33 spontaneously
conceived
MCDA 17 No / 31 CS two structurally normal infants weighing 1320 g and 1640 g, one acardiac fetus
38 spontaneously
conceived
MCTA 10 No / 12 Dilatation and curettage due to intrauterine demise of the two fetuses intrauterine demise of the two normal fetuses
Lee H 2007 [29] NS NS MCDA NS RAF NS 30 NS two live infants
Van Schoubroeck D 2004 [30] NS NS MCTA 13 Laser cord occlusion 16 38 NS two live infants
NS NS MCTA 13 Laser cord occlusion 19 36 NS one live infant, one dead fetus
NS NS MCTA 13 Laser cord occlusion 17 35 NS two live infants
Dahiya P 2004 [31] 32 spontaneously
conceived
MCDA early second trimester No / term CS two female live infants weighing 2300 g and 2500 g, one acardiac fetus
Pascal A 2000 [32] 20 spontaneously
conceived
MCTA 17 No / 17+ NS two structurally normal fetuses weighing 149 g and 99g, one acardiac fetus
Bolaji II 1992 [33] 21 NS MCTA 18 No / 32 CS two female live infants, one acardiac fetus
  1. NS not specified, IVF-ET In vitro fertilization and embryo transfer, MCTA monochorionic triamniotic, MCDA monochorionic diamniotic, MC triplet monochorionic triplet, wks weeks, RAF radiofrequency ablation, CS cesarean section