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Table 2 Distribution of recommended ANC utilization in sub-Saharan Africa region from 2006 to 2018

From: Determinants of completing recommended antenatal care utilization in sub-Saharan from 2006 to 2018: evidence from 36 countries using Demographic and Health Surveys

Variable Recommended ANC
Utilization
Total sample size (%) X-square value p-value
Yes No
Africa Region
 Southern 11,252 3042 14,294 (5.49) 60.25 < 0.001*
 Central 27,256 21,395 48,651 (18.67)
 Eastern 52,006 45,917 97,924 (37.58)
 Western 55,078 44,622 99,701 (38.26)
Residence
 Rural 84,114 89,718 173,833 (66.71) 160.68 < 0.001*
 Urban 61,478 25,259 86,738 (33.29)
Age group
 15–24 48,845 35,484 79,329 (30.44) 103.50 < 0.001*
 25–34 67,949 51,196 119,146 (45.72)
 35–46 33,798 28,297 62,095 (23.83)
Marital status
 Single 11,929 6643 18,573 (7.13) 576.50 < 0.001
 Married 133,664 108,334 241,998 (92.87)   
Literacy
 Cannot read and write 58,984 71,010 129,905 (49.85) 60.05 < 0.001
 Can read and write 86,699 43,967 130,666 (50.51)   
Maternal education
 No education 40,215 56,630 96,845 (37.17) 70.97 < 0.001*
 Primary education 49,432 39,760 89,193 (34.23)
 Secondary and above 55,945 18,586 74,532 (28.60)
Husband education
 No education 35,000 48,442 83,442 (36.89) 196.83 < 0.001*
 Primary education 33,200 30,177 63,377 (28.02)
 Secondary and above 56,470 22,908 79,378 (35.09)
Maternal Occupation
 Had occupation 108,220 84,024 68,327 (26.22) 126.12 < 0.001*
 Had no occupation 37,373 84,024 192,244 (73.78)
Women’s health care decision making autonomy
 Women alone 21,008 13,807 34,815 (13.36) 32.12 < 0.001
 Women and her husband 48,307 32,120 80,427 (30.87)   
 Husbands alone 76,287 69,050 145,329 (55.77)   
Wealth Index
 Poor 51,171 59,574 110,745 (42.50) 144.61 < 0.001*
 Middle 28,833 23,455 52,288 (20.07)
 Rich 65,588 31,948 97,537 (37.43)
Media Exposed
 Yes 107,961 65,824 173,786 (66.69) 158.67 < 0.001*
 No 37,632 49,153 86,785 (33.31)
Accessing health care
 Big problem 79,825 73,713 153,538 (58.92) 458.11 < 0.001*
 Not big problem 65,768 41,264 107,033 (41.08)
Wanted pregnancy
 Yes 132,528 103,876 236,404 (93.47) 37.33 < 0.001
 No 8708 7799 16,508 (6.53)
Contraceptive use
 Yes 53,142 27,567 179,862 (69.03) 102.43 < 0.001*
 No 92,451 87,410 80,709 (30.97)
Birth Order
 1 34,600 20,327 54,928 (21.08) 537.22 < 0.001*
 2–4 71,536 52,160 123,696 (47.47)
 5+ 39,457 42,489 81,946 (31.45)
  1. * = significant association between recommended ANC and independent variables