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Table 6 Odds Ratios and 95% confidence intervals from logistic regression models for child health preventative visit and empowerment measures and location after controlling for sociodemographic factors

From: The association of empowerment measures with maternal, child and family planning outcomes in Plateau State Nigeria by urban-rural residence

Sociodemographic Factors Full Sample Urban Sample Rural Sample
OR (CI) OR (CI) OR (CI)
Age group (Ref: 25–29)
 15–19 1.22 (0.48–3.08) 0.85 (0.16–4.49) 1.28 (0.30–5.39)
 20–24 0.63+ (0.39–1.00) 0.72 (0.43–1.22) 0.41+ (0.16–1.09)
 30–34 1.07 (0.73–1.57) 0.95 (0.62–1.46) 1.38 (0.67–2.83)
 35+ 0.72 (0.42–1.22) 0.58 + (0.31–1.07) 1.20 (0.42–3.43)
Parity (Ref: 0–1)
 2 0.56 * (0.36–0.89) 0.63 + (0.36–1.09) 0.51 (0.21–1.26)
 3–4 0.86 (0.49–1.51) 1.07 (0.57–0 2.01) 0.48 (0.12–1.91)
 5+ 0.72 (0.42–1.22) 0.97 (0.41–2.29) 0.54 (0.14–2.06)
Education level (Ref: None/Non-standard)
 Primary 1.89 * (1.05–3.40) 1.75 (0.71–4.33) 1.65 (0.68–4.02)
 Secondary or higher 2.01* (1.08–3.72) 1.78 (0.86–3.71) 1.52 (0.48–4.82)
Wealth quintile (Ref: Middle)
 Lowest 0.54+ (0.27–1.09) 0.59 (0.26–1.33) 0.73 (0.22–2.39)
 Second 0.79 (0.42–1.47) 0.66 (0.30–1.48) 1.02 (0.36–2.84)
 Fourth 1.64+ (0.92–2.93) 1.11 (0.58–2.15) 3.23* (1.24–8.43)
 Highest 0.95 (0.60–1.51) 0.77 (0.45–1.32) 1.39 (0.62–3.14)
Religion (Ref: Christian/Catholic)
 Muslim/Other 0.95 (0.59–1.52) 1.25 (0.71–2.19) 0.54 (0.19–1.57)
Location (Ref: Jos)
 Other Urban 1.40 (0.79–2.47) NA NA
 Rural 0.66 + (0.41–1.06) NA NA
Jos (Ref: No)
 Yes NA 0.70 (0.37–1.33) NA
Gender Equality Measures
Household Decision Making 0.97 (0.84–1.12) 1.06 (0.86–1.30) 0.88 (0.70–1.09)
Financial Decision-making 1.26 (0.89–1.78) 1.11 (0.70–1.76) 1.65 (0.88–3.10)
Prohibitions 1.17 (0.63–2.18) 0.83 (0.44–1.58) 2.12 (0.47–9.51)
Wife-beating Acceptable 1.16 (0.75–1.79) 0.93 (0.47–1.83) 1.41 (0.75–2.68)
  1. The significance test is compared across the places of residence
  2. The unweighted counts were 649 for full sample, 404for urban, and 245 for rural areas
  3. +p < 0.10 *p < 0.05 **p < 0.01 ***p < 0.001