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Table 5 Factors associated with neonatal near miss. This table shows factors associated with neonatal near miss among mothers giving live births at Hawassa City government Hospitals, Southern, Ethiopia, 2019 (n = 604)

From: Neonatal near misses and associated factors among mother’s who give a live neonate at Hawassa City governmental hospitals, 2019: a facility based cross-sectional study design

Variable Neonatal Near miss COR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Yes N (%) No N (%)
Age in years
 15–24 65 (32.2) 126 (31.3) 1  
 25–34 120 (59.4) 244 (60.7) 1.04 (0.72–1.51)  
  ≥ 35 17 (8.4) 32 (8) 0.97 (0.50–1.87)  
Marital status
 Married 190 (94.1) 378 (94) 0.99 (0.48–2.03)  
 Others& 12 (5.9) 24 (6) 1  
Maternal Education
 Illiterate 42 (20.8) 44 (10.9) 0.42 (0.25–0.73) 0.65 (0.30–1.41)
 Primary education 68 (33.7) 127 (31.6) 0.76 (0.48–1.19) 1.39 (0.72–2.69)
 Secondary education 45 (22.3) 116 (28.9) 1.05 (0.65–1.71) 1.68 (0.89–3.17)
 College and above 47 (23.3) 115 (28.6) 1 1
Occupational status of mothers
 House wife 117 (57.9) 200 (49.8) 1.16 (0.73–1.84) 1.56 (0.92–2.63)
 Employed (Gov’t, NGO & Private) 33 (16.3) 111 (27.6) 2.29 (1.31–4.00) 3.05 (1.46–6.34)*
Merchant 11 (5.4) 31 (7.7) 1.92 (0.87–4.26) 2.26 (0.95–5.35)
 Others# 41 (20.4) 60 (14.9) 1 1
Father’s Education
 Illiterate 17 (8.4) 30 (7.5) 1  
 Primary education 57 (28.2) 70 (17.4) 0.69 (0.43–1.38)  
 Secondary education 51 (25.2) 120 (29.9) 1.33 (0.67–2.63)  
 College and above 77 (38.1) 182 (45.3) 1.33 (0.69–2.57)  
House hold family size
  < 4 110 (54.5) 221 (55) 1 1
 4–7 66 (32.7) 147 (36.6) 1.10 (0.76–1.60) 1.27 (0.85–1.90)
  ≥ 7 26 (12.9) 34 (8.9) 0.65 (0.37–1.13) 0.97 (0.51–1.85)
Residence
 Urban 147 (72.8) 290 (72.1) 1  
 Rural 55 (27.2) 112 (27.9) 1.03 (0.70–1.50)  
ANC Visit
 Yes 182 (90.1) 366 (91) 1  
 No 20 (35.7) 36 (64.3) 0.89 (0.50–1.59)  
Number of ANC
 No visit 20 (9.9) 36 (9) 1 1
 1–3 111 (55) 180 (44.88) 0.90 (0.49–0.164) 0.63 (0.31–1.27)
  ≥ 4 71 (35.1) 186 (46.12) 1.44 (0.78–2.66) 1.02 (0.48–2.16)
Vaginal bleeding
 Yes 181 (89.6) 372 (92.5) 1.44 (0.80–2.58) 1.46 (0.77–2.76)
 No 21 (10.4) 30 (7.5) 1 1
Mode of delivery
 Vaginal 113 (55.9) 284 (70.6) 1 1
 Cesarean section 89 (44.1) 118 (29.4) 1.90 (1.33–2.69) 1.89 (1.25–2.83)**
Parity
 Nulliparous 65 (32.2) 117 (29.1) 0.97 (0.65–1.45)  
 Primiparous 49 (24.3) 123 (30.6) 1.36 (0.89–2.00)  
 Multiparous 88 (43.6) 162 (40.3) 1  
Rupture of membrane
 Yes 103 (51) 237 (59) 1.38 (0.98–1.94) 1.19 (0.78–1.81)
 No 99 (49) 165 (41) 1 1
Hypertension
 Yes 17 (8.4) 29 (7.2) 0.84 (0.45–157)  
 No 185 (91.6) 373 (92.8) 1  
Pregnancy induced HTN
 Yes 52 (25.7) 47 (11.7) 0.38 (0.24–0.59) 0.42 (0.26–0.66)***
 No 150 (74.3) 355 (88.3) 1 1
  1. COR:Crude Odds Ratio, AOR: Adjusted Odds Ratio, HTN:Hypertension, ANC: Antenatal Care, *** P-value < 0.0001, ** p-value < 0.001, * p-value < 0.05: &Single, divorced, widowed: #student, daily labors, and farmers