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Table 1 Women’s worry by their socio-demographic/obstetric characteristics (N = 484)

From: Pregnant women’s well-being and worry during the COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study

   Levels of worry  
   Worry score < 37 Worry score ≥ 37  
Socio-demographic variables N (%) 238 (49.2) 246 (50.8) P
 Age (year)     0.001†ab
   < 20 28 (5.8) 12 (42.9) 16 (57.1)  
  20–30 286 (59.1) 123 (43.0) 163 (57.0)  
   > 30 170 (35.1) 103 (60.6) 67 (39.4)  
 Job     0.038†ab
  Housewife 373 (77.1) 193 (51.7) 180 (48.3)  
  Employed 111 (22.9) 45 (40.5) 66 (59.5)  
 Education level     0.210†ac
  Primary School 26 (5.4) 16 (61.5) 10 (38.5)  
  Diploma 183 (37.8) 95 (51.9) 88 (48.1)  
  University 275 (41.1) 127 (46.2) 148 (53.8)  
 Family income     0.005†ab
  Low income 71 (14.7) 23 (32.4) 48 (28.3)  
  Middle income 401 (82.9) 207 (51.6) 194 (48.4)  
  High income 12 (2.5) 8 (66.7) 4 (33.3)  
 Husband’s age     0.016†ab
  < 30 135 (27.9) 53 (39.3) 82 (60.7)  
  30–40 291(60.1) 151 (51.9) 140 (48.1)  
  > 40 58 (12) 34 (58.6) 24 (41.4)  
 Husband’s education level     0.070†ab
  Primary School 56 (11.6) 34 (60.7) 22 (39.3)  
  Diploma 201 (41.5) 103(51.2) 98 (48.8)  
  University 227 (31.8) 101 (44.5) 126 (55.5)  
 Husband’s job     0.081†ab
  Worker 117 (24.2) 47 (40.2) 70 (59.8)  
  Clerk 128 (26.4) 66 (51.6) 62 (48.4)  
  Self-employed 239 (49.4) 125 (52.3) 114 (47.7)  
 Close family member with chronic disease     0.444a
  Yes 85 (17.6) 45 (52.9) 40 (47.1)  
  No 399 (82.4) 193 (48.4) 206 (51.6)  
 COVID-19 infected person among relatives     0.009†ab
  Yes 38 (7.9) 11 (28.9) 27 (71.1)  
  No 446 (92.1) 227 (50.9) 219 (49.1)  
 Death due to COVID-19 among relatives     0.402a
  Yes 20 (4.1) 8 (40.0) 12 (60.0)  
  No 464 (95.9) 230 (49.6) 234 (50.4)  
 Fear of COVID-19     < 0.001†ab
  Not at all to moderate 272 (70.8) 185 (68.0) 87 (32.0)  
  High to Severe 212 (29.2) 53 (25.0) 159 (75.0)  
 Participation in the study     0.002†ab
  After the first wave of COVID-19 384 (79.3) 175 (45.6) 209 (54.4)  
  During the second wave of COVID-19 100 (20.7) 63 (63.0) 37 (37.0)  
Obstetrics variables
 Gestational age (week)     0.001†ab
  First trimester 75 (15.5) 51 (68.0) 24 (32.0)  
  Second trimester 187 (38.6) 81 (43.3) 106 (56.7)  
  Third trimester 222 (45.9) 108 (47.7) 116 (52.3)  
 Parity     0.002†ab
  Nullipara 234 (48.3) 98 (41.9) 136 (58.1)  
  Primipara/Multipara 250 (52.7) 140 (56.0) 110 (44.0)  
 Having a chronic disease     0.064†ac
  Yes 15 (3.1) 4 (26.7) 11 (73.3)  
  No 469 (96.9) 234 (49.9) 235 (50.1)  
 Having a history of abortion     0.085†ac
  Yes 131 (27.1) 56 (42.7) 75 (57.3)  
  No 353 (72.9) 182 (51.6) 171 (48.4)  
 Having a pregnancy complication     0.075†ac
  Yes 44 (9.1) 16 (36.4) 28 (63.6)  
  No 440 (90.9) 222 (50.5) 218 (49.5)  
 Having a poor obstetric history     0.109a
  Yes 54 (11.2) 21 (39.9) 33 (61.1)  
  No 430 (88.8) 217 (50.5) 213 (49.5)  
  1. selected for multivariate logistic regression analysis
  2. aPearson chi-square, bunivariate logistic regression: p < 0.05, cunivariate logistic regression: p < 0.25