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Table 2 Sub-hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals comparing the incidence of a second premarital birth by key socio-demographic characteristics among 57,219 women in Sub-Saharan African countries

From: How soon do single mothers have another child? A competing risk analysis of second premarital childbearing in sub-Saharan African countries

Country (Survey Year)Sub-Hazard Ratios [95% Confidence Intervals]
Had first birth at 25+ yearsResiding in an urban place of residenceCan read all wordsAttained secondary or higher educationTotal sample
15–24 vs 25 years +Rural vs UrbanCan’t read all vs Can read all words<Secondary vs Secondary+
Central Africa
 Angola 2015–160.94 [0.77,1.15]0.91 [0.81,1.03]0.84* [0.72,0.99]0.60*** [0.51,0.72]4734
 Chad 2014–150.70 [0.29,1.69]1.01 [0.67,1.53]1.36 [0.44,4.22]0.29* [0.09,0.97]625
East Africa
 Burundi 2016–170.96 [0.63,1.45]0.85 [0.57,1.25]0.75 [0.55,1.02]0.59* [0.39,0.89]1221
 Congo DRC 2013–140.79 [0.49,1.27]1.04 [0.81,1.35]1.40 [0.85,2.30]0.54* [0.33,0.88]1822
 Ethiopia 20161.07 [0.51,2.24]0.70 [0.40,1.22]0.61 [0.31,1.19]1.42 [0.61,3.30]624
 Kenya 20141.10 [0.81,1.51]0.85* [0.73,0.99]0.84* [0.71,0.98]0.70*** [0.59,0.82]6107
 Rwanda 2014–150.81 [0.56,1.18]0.62*** [0.47,0.82]0.94 [0.75,1.19]0.55** [0.39,0.80]1454
 Tanzania 2015–161.51* [1.02,2.22]1.00 [0.82,1.23]0.80* [0.65,0.99]0.44*** [0.31,0.63]2188
 Uganda 20161.26 [0.88,1.79]1.07 [0.90,1.28]0.79** [0.67,0.94]0.59*** [0.47,0.72]3065
Southern Africa
 Lesotho 20140.99 [0.59,1.68]0.79 [0.58,1.07]0.80 [0.55,1.18]0.75 [0.55,1.02]1068
 Malawi 2015–161.09 [0.65,1.83]1.16 [0.89,1.50]0.68*** [0.56,0.83]0.695** [0.54,0.90]3321
 Namibia 20130.62*** [0.53,0.74]0.69*** [0.64,0.76]1.06 [0.91,1.23]0.655*** [0.59,0.73]4532
 South Africa 20160.72*** [0.59,0.87]0.76*** [0.69,0.84]0.82** [0.70,0.95]0.67*** [0.58,0.78]4667
 Zambia 2013–141.04 [0.63,1.72]0.78** [0.65,0.93]0.965 [0.76,1.23]0.79 [0.62,1.02]3444
 Zimbabwe 20150.64 [0.37,1.11]1.04 [0.80,1.34]0.87 [0.65,1.17]0.74* [0.57,0.96]1497
West Africa
 Ghana 20140.67 [0.42,1.08]0.79* [0.62,1.00]1.00 [0.74,1.35]0.76* [0.57,0.99]1342
 Guinea 20180.80 [0.53,1.22]1.09 [0.86,1.39]0.80 [0.42,1.51]0.665 [0.39,1.13]1047
 Liberia 20130.54* [0.31,0.93]0.88 [0.75,1.05]1.12 [0.63,1.97]0.75 [0.42,1.35]2464
 Sierra Leone 20131.31 [0.96,1.78]1.03 [0.87,1.22]0.66 [0.22,1.96]1.04 [0.35,3.12]2534
 Togo 2013–141.3 [0.82,2.09]1.13 [0.82,1.56]0.58 [0.29,1.14]1.12 [0.55,2.30]1025
 Benin 2017–181.00 [0.75,1.33]0.76** [0.64,0.91]0.79 [0.58,1.08]0.78 [0.56,1.08]1962
 The Gambia 20131.01 [0.41,2.49]1.37 [0.91,2.08]0.53 [0.079,3.50]1.33 [0.20,8.79]693
 Mali 20180.58 [0.33,1.04]1.20 [0.92,1.56]0.78 [0.52,1.18]0.80 [0.54,1.18]1125
 Nigeria 20180.72** [0.57,0.91]0.77*** [0.67,0.89]0.88 [0.73,1.07]0.67*** [0.56,0.80]3560
 Senegal 20170.86 [0.53,1.41]0.72* [0.54,0.97]0.87 [0.54,1.38]0.90 [0.53,1.51]1098
  1. ***p < .01; **p < .05; *p < .1. − Denotes reference category