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Table 1 Sample characteristics for total sample by pregnancy intent, experiences of pre-eclampsia, postpartum hemorrhage and postpartum pre-eclampsia, respectively among women in Uttar Pradesh who gave birth in the past year (N = 3659)

From: Unintended pregnancy and maternal health complications: cross-sectional analysis of data from rural Uttar Pradesh, India

 Total sampleUnintended pregnancyPre-eclampsiaPostpartum hemorrhagePostpartum pre-eclampsia
(Unwtd N = 3659)(Unwtd N = 619) (Unwtd N = 583) (Unwtd N = 257) (Unwtd N = 198) 
Wtd%/Mean(SD)Wtd%/Mean (SD)p value*Wtd%/Mean(SD)p value*Wtd%/Mean(SD)p value*Wtd%/Mean(SD)p value*
(n)a(n)a (n)a (n)a (n)a 
Maternal age 26.4(4.4)27.6(4.9)0.0026.5 (4.4)0.7025.9 (4.1)0.1126.4 (4.0)0.89
Maternal age at marriageLess than 18 years29.823.10.0014.90.186.50.145.80.68
10922401637255
Equal or more than 18 years70.215.417.18.25.4
2567379420185143
Maternal educationNever attended school48.120.40.0016.40.697.30.205.20.90
174133728111188
1 5 years in school15.215.115.26.85.5
54484843929
6 9 years in school15.213.215.97.05.8
57571904440
> = 10 years in school21.516.818.09.86.0
7991261286341
Husband’s educationNever attended school24.818.60.2415.60.785.90.1350.71
8561511334750
1 5 years in school13.821.116.66.44.2
51590803121
6 9 years in school27.516.916.17.85.8
10131761697754
> = 10 years in school33.916.417.59.56.1
127520120010172
CasteSC/ST29.320.10.1717.20.186.60.485.10.35
10422071787060
OBC54.916.515.48.15.2
2021320303145101
General15.817.419.18.27.0
596921024237
ReligionMuslim17.218.90.49  7.60.685.40.48
610103 212163
Non muslim82.817.5 8.26.1
3049516 4535
Wealth indexLow63.519.30.0416.40.957.60.934.90.28
2261433364161116
Medium27.815.416.487.0
10561441677770
High8.713.717.27.45.3
34242521912
Birth parity128.211.30.0017.50.448.00.665.90.83
10611171617657
226.116.515.08.35.5
9561311416851
3+44.922.216.77.25.2
164137028111390
Singleton birthSingleton99.317.60.0216.50.437.70.255.40.25
3630607581255195
Multiple births0.738.99.415.417.7
2912223
Time since birthLess than or equal to 2 months24.918.30.7117.90.177.70.665.80.32
8891531535447
More than 2 months and less than 7 months31.918.217.48.46.3
11902001889274
More than 6 months43.21715.07.24.8
158026624211177
Intimate partner violence(IPV)IPV ever56.416.60.5719.90.008.50.226.10.19
2093811354145109
No IPV ever43.618.112.98.94.9
156635722911289
Institutional deliveryFacility delivery69.317.30.2416.00.407.60.685.20.29
2569262395183140
Delivery at home30.719.217.58.16.2
10902061887458
Receipt of minimum four ANCReceived minimum four ANC12.411.7011.60.014.70.025.80.81
47351522330
Not received at least four ANC87.618.617.28.15.5
3186568100234168
Receipt of home visit by ASHAReceived at least one home visit by ASHA60.316.50.0614.00.006.50.014.60.03
2241348313132107
Not received at least one home visit by ASHA39.719.620.29.56.9
141827127012591
Unintended pregnancyIntended pregnancy14.40.007.20.034.60.00
437203149
Unintended pregnancy26.310.39.8
1465449
  1. aResults presented are weighted to account for sampling design
  2. *p values assess differences between groups who had an unintended pregnancy and an intended pregnancy, based on chi square analyses for categorical variables and t-tests for continuous variables