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Table 4 Sensitivity, specificity, predictive values and likelihood ratios of the INTERGROWTH21st and customized methods for identification of neonatal malnutrition and overnutrition

From: “INTERGROWTH21st vs customized fetal growth curves in the assessment of the neonatal nutritional status: a retrospective cohort study of gestational diabetes”

 Malnutrition (PI < 10th centile)Overnutrition (PI > 90th centile)
INTERGROWTH21st
SGA
Customized method
SGA
INTERGROWT21st
LGA
Customized method
LGA
Sensitivity15.79% (0–34,82)40% (16.03–63.97)59.38% (40.80–77.95)50% (31.11–68.89)
Specificity94.24% (90.01–98.48)89.63% (84.66–94.60)76.61 (69.97–83.25)90.74% (85.97–95.51)
PPV27.27% (0–58,14%)32% (11.71–52.29)32.20% (19.43–44.97)51.61% (32.41–70.82)
NPV89.12% (34.74–94.49)92.45 (88.03–96.87)90.97% (85.94–96.00)90.18% (85.31–95.06)
LR+2.74 (0.80–9.45)3.86 (1.92–7.77)2.54 (1.71–3.77)5.40 (2.98–9.78)
LR-0.89 (0.73–1.09)0.67 (0.47–0.96)0.53 (0.35–0.81)0.55 (0.39–0.78)
  1. PI ponderal index, SGA Small for gestational age, LGA Large for gestational age, PPV Positive predictive value, NPV Negative predictive value, LR+ Positive likelihood ratio, LR- Negative likelihood ratio