Skip to main content

Table 3 Bi-variable and multi-variable odds ratio for potential factors of completing four or more ANC visit in Ethiopia, EDHS 2016

From: Spatial distribution and determinants of an optimal ANC visit among pregnant women in Ethiopia: further analysis of 2016 Ethiopia demographic health survey

VariablesCOR(95%CI)AOR(95%CI)
Marital status
 Never in unionref 
 Currently in union0.99 (0.97,1.03)0.95 (0.91,1.00)
Sex of household headed
 MaleRef 
 Female1.02 (0.99,1.05)1.13 (0.98,1.37)
Place of Residence
 UrbanRef 
 Rural0.66 (0.63,0.69)0.59 (0.45,0.77)**
Age
 15–19RefRef
 20–241.02 (0.97,1.08)1.07 (0.76,1.50)
 25–291.02 (0.97,1.08)1.18 (0.82,1.68)
 30–341.02 (0.96,1.07)1.23 (0.84,1.80)
 35–391.03 (0.97,1.08)1.32 (0.88,1.98)
 40–440.95 (0.91,1.04)1.01 (0.63,1.60)
 45–490.96 (0.89,1.05)1.02 (0.57,1.83)
Religion
 OrthodoxRefRef
 Muslim0.52 (0.44,0.62)1.03 (0.82, 1.28)
 Protestant0.60 (0.49,0.73)0.71 (0.55,0.91)*
 Catholic & traditional0.53 (0.37,0.75)0.52 (0.33,0.83)*
Birth order
 1Ref 
 2–40.96 (0.93,0.98)0.88 (0.71,1.09)
  > =50.93 (0.91,0.96)0.85 (0.62,1.17)
Women Level of education
 Unable to read and writeRef 
 Primary education1.05 (1.02,1.07)0.96 (0.82,1.13)
 Secondary education1.16 (1.11,1.21)1.02 (0.77,1.35)
 Higher education1.23 (1.16,1.31)1.02 (0.67,1.56)
Parity
 1RefRef
 2–50.80 (0.72,0.89)0.92 (0.75,1.14)
  ≥ 50.74 (0.65,0.83)0.94 (0.68,1.29)
Wealth quartile
 PoorRef 
 middle1.04 (1.01,1.07)1.09 (0.91,1.31)
 rich1.17 (1.14,1.21)1.10 (0.91,1.33)
Distance to the health institution
 Not a big problemrefref
 A big problem1.44 (1.30,1.59)1.21 (1.04,1.39)*
Exposure to media
 YesRefRef
 No1.55 (1.39,1.72)1.09 (0.94,1.28)
Partner’s level of education
 no educationRefref
 Primary1.19 (1.07,1.33)1.06 (0.92,1.22)
 Secondary1.81 (1.53,2.14)1.33 (1.05,1.67)
 Higher1.69 (1.40,2.05)1.02 (0.76,1.36)
Region
 Tigray0.73 (0.67,0.79)0.48 (0.28,0.82)*
 Afar0.48 (0.44,0.52)0.13 (0.07,0.24)*
 Amhara0.56 (0.51,0.61)0.24 (0.14,0.42)*
 Oromia0.52 (0.48,0.56)0.25 (0.15,0.43)*
 Somalia0.45 (0.42,0.49)0.08 (0.05,0.15)*
 Benishangul Gumuz0.62 (0.57,0.68)0.48 (0.28, 0.84)*
 SNNP0.61 (0.56,0.66)0.48 (0.28,0.83)*
 Gambela0.59 (0.54,0.64)0.37 (0.21,0.66)*
 Harari0.60 (0.55,0.56)0.16 (0.09,0.28)*
 Addis AbabaRefRef
 Dire Dawa0.80 (0.71,0.88)0.52 (0.29,0.93)*
Community level ANC utilization
 highRefRef
 low1.54 (1.49,1.59)2.67 (2.21,3.24)*
Community level literacy
 lowRefRef
 high1.38 (1.32,1.43)1.07 (1.03,1.12)*
Community level media exposure
 Higher media exposureRefRef
 Lower media exposure1.50 (1.05,1.75)1.16 (0.95,1.42)
Timing of ANC
 Less than 12 weeksRefRef
 More than 12 weeks0.80 (0.58,0.90)0.70 (0.60,0.82)
  1. Ref indicated reference category
  2. *indicated significant at 5% level of significant