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Table 6 Mixed effect logistic regression analysis of home birth after at least one ANC visit in Ethiopia; EDHS 2016 perspective

From: Spatial clustering and determinants of home birth after at least one antenatal care visit in Ethiopia: Ethiopian demographic and health survey 2016 perspective

VariableCategoryHome deliveryInstitutional deliveryCOR (95%CI)AOR (95% CI)
Age of respondent
 15–2463864511
25–34107712851.06 (0.86, 1.30)1.07 (0.86, 1.32)
35–495005241.36 (1.05, 1.75)1.18 (0.87, 1.86)
Number of parity of respondents
 1–61848220411
Above 63682491.50 (1.17, 1.93)1.26 (0.92, 1.72)
Number of ANC visit
 ≥4visit977155811
1–3 visit12398961.59 (1.32, 1.91)1.41 (1.17, 1.71) *
Respondents level of education
 No education146485811
Primary6568610.46 (0.38, 0.56)0.45 (0.36, 0.55) **
Secondary724110.12 (0.08, 0.17)0.11 (0.08, 0.18) **
Higher243230.05 (0.03, 0.09)0.06 (0.03, 0.11) **
Respondents current occupation
 Not working1575148811
Working6409660.78 (0.64, 0.95)0.86 (0.70, 1.06)
Religion of respondents
 Orthodox659116311
Muslim10468862.02 (1.42, 1.88)1.57 (1.13, 2.19) *
Protestant4743731.48 (0.98, 2.23)1.72 (1.16, 2.53) *
Other36320.96 (0.40, 2.25)1.03 (0.43, 2.42)
House hold wealth index of respondents
 Poor115557411
Middle4273130.60 (0.46, 0.77)0.66 (0.51, 0.86) **
Rich63315670.35 (0.27, 0.45)0.42 (0.32, 0.54) **
Being exposed to media
 No15149961.65 (1.34, 2.04)1.18 (0.95, 1.48)
Yes701145811
Type of health facility for ANC visit
 Private facilities562060.46 (0.27,0.77)0.60 (0.35, 1.03)
Public facilities2084210611
Other1**751420.72 (0.45, 1.17)0.71 (0.43, 1.15)
Covered by health insurance
 No215823132.13 (1.39, 3.84)2.16 (1.29, 3.62) *
Yes5714211
Informed about birth preparedness plan during their ANC visit
 No12229782.34 (1.93, 2.83)2.21 (1.83, 2.69)*
Yes993147611
Last pregnancy is wanted
 Wanted then1769194211
Wanted later3333841.38 (1.08, 1.77)1.55 (1.20, 2.01) *
Wanted no more1121291.22 (0.82, 1.82)1.05 (0.70, 1.57)
Gestational age at 1st ANC visit   
 ≤4 month1066766Not sig(p = 0.28) 
 After 4 months11501688  
Current marital status
 Not married166257not sig (p = 0.29) 
Married20502197  
ICC for the null model o.67 (0.62, 0.72) 
ICC for the final model 0.44 (0.39,0.50) 
  1. 1** place of ANC visit represents home and unspecified other places; *positively associated; **negatively associated
  2. COR Crude Odds Ration, AOR Adjusted Odds Ratio, CI confidence interval.
  3. 1 = represents a reference category.