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Table 5 Bivariate and multivariate analysis of factors associated with physical activity status among pregnant women attending antenatal care at public and private health facilities in Mekelle city, Tigray, Ethiopia, 2018 (n = 299)

From: Physical activity and associated factors among pregnant women in Ethiopia: facility-based cross-sectional study

VariablesSedentary (237) n (%)Active (62) n (%)COR (95% CI)AOR (95% CI)P-Value
Age group (years)
 16–25121 (40.5)27 (9)(ref)(ref) 
 26–35106 (35.5)30 (10)1.27 (0.71,2.27)2.69 (1.07, 6.78)0.036*
  > =3610 (3.3)5 (1.7)2.24 (0.71,7.09)6.66 (0.93,7.98)0.060
Level of education
 Unable to read and write17 (5.7)4 (1.3)1.27 (0.37,4.38)2.08 (0.49,8.87)0.324
 Non-formal education11 (3.7)11 (3.7)5.39 (1.93,14.99)13.5 (2.65,68.91)0.002**
 Primary school (1–8 grades)41 (13.7)10 (3.3)1.31 (0.53,3.26)1.73 (0.53,5.64)0.366
 High school (9–12 grades)98 (32.8)24 (8)1.32 (0.63,2.77)2.02 (0.78,5.23)0.146
 College /university and above level70 (23.4)13 (4.4)(ref)(ref) 
Marital status
 Married211(70.6)51 (17)0.57 (0.27,1.23)0.26 (0.09,0.73)0.011**
 Not married26 (8.7)11 (3.7)(ref)(ref) 
Occupational (employment) status
 Government employee37 (12.4)4 (1.3)(ref)(ref) 
 Private business33 (11)9 (3.1)2.39 (0.66,8.69)3.32 (0.68,16.16)0.137
 women who did not work outside home124 (41.5)44 (14.7)3.30 (1.12,9.79)5.23 (1.34,20.38)0.017*
 Student10 (3.4)1 (0.3)0.93 (0.09,9.23)0.95 (0.07,12.27)0.966
 Merchant33 (11)4 (1.3)1.12 (0.26,4.84)2.06 (0.37,11.53)0.409
Stage of pregnancy
 First trimester ≤13 weeks30 (10)4 (1.3)(ref)(ref) 
 Second trimester (14–27) weeks92 (30.8)19 (6.4)1.55 (0.49,4.91)1.52 (0.34,6.74)0.582
 Third trimester ≥28 weeks115 (38.5)39 (13.0)2.54 (0.84,7.68)2.04 (0.49,8.29)0.322
Parity
 0 child102 (34.1)29 (9.7)(ref)(ref) 
 1 child65 (21.8)14 (4.7)0.76 (0.37,1.54)0.69 (0.29,1.69)0.429
 2 children40 (13.4)7 (2.3)0.62 (0.25,1.52)0.13 (0.03,0.59)0.008**
  > 2 children30 (10.0)12 (4.0)1.41 (0.64,3.09)0.56 (0.13,2.38)0.435
Travel time to a health facility
  < 60 min179 (59.9)54 (18.0)(ref)(ref) 
  (≥60 min)58 (19.4)8 (2.7)0.46 (0.21,1.02)0.31 (0.11,0.89)0.030*
Symptoms of discomfort
 Yes103 (34.5)18 (6.0)1.88 (1.03,3.44)1.74 (0.77,3.95)0.186
 No134 (44.8)44 (14.7)(ref)(ref) 
Exercise advices from a medical professional
 Yes163 (54.5)48 (16)0.64 (0.33,1.24)0.60 (0.24,1.52)0.281
 No74 (24.8)14 (4.7)(ref)(ref) 
A habit of exercise during pregnant
 I continued doing exercises91 (30.4)19 (6.3)(ref)(ref) 
 I stopped the exercises37 (12.4)7 (2.3)0.91 (0.35,2.34)0.97 (0.35,2.70)0.960
 I continued to exercise but slowed down51 (17.1)23 (7.7)2.20 (1.09,4.43)2.28 (1.03,5.04)0.041*
Self-evaluation of PA level prior to pregnancy
 Low36 (12.1)4 (1.3)0.50 (0.11,2.23)0.37 (0.05,2.60)0.319
 Moderate183 (61.2)54 (18.1)1.33 (0.43,4.09)0.82 (0.19,3.44)0.785
 High18 (6.0)4 (1.3)(ref)(ref) 
Self-evaluation of PA changes during pregnancy
 Less active96 (32.1)27 (9.0)0.97 (0.55,1.73)1.05 (0.45,2.46)0.918
 Increased activity27 (9.0)2 (0.7)0.26 (0.06,1.13)0.37 (0.07,2.04)0.254
 No change114 (38.2)33 (11.0)(ref)(ref)