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Table 3 Relationship between perceived barriers to care variables and inadequate ANC visits: 2014–15 demographic and health survey data

From: Are perceived barriers to accessing health care associated with inadequate antenatal care visits among women of reproductive age in Rwanda?

 Timely with 4 visitsNot timely/< 4 visits or both Unadjusted relationshipAdjusted relationship
Barriers to care variablesn (%a)n (%a)P-valueaOR (95% CI) aOR (95% CI) b
Sample size (n)22453631   
Do not want to go alone to the health facility
 No1909 (85.1)3019 (83.1)0.056Reference 
 Yes335 (14.9)612 (16.9) 1.14 (0.96, 1.34)1.10 (0.92,1.30)
Permission
 No2193 (97.7)3553 (97.9)0.822Reference 
 Yes51 (2.3)78 (2.1) 1.02 (0.69,1.49)0.94 (0.65, 1.39)
Distance to health facility
 No1792 (79.8)2794 (76.9)0.011Reference 
 Yes453 (20.2)837 (23.1) 1.15 (0.99, 1.34)1.12 (0.96,1.30)
Money for treatment
 No1183 (52.7)1617 (44.5)< 0.001Reference 
 Yes1062 (47.3)2014 (55.5) 1.32 (1.17, 1.49)1.13 (0.98,1.29)
  1. OR Odds Ratios, CI Confidence Interval
  2. a All percentages, OR and CI are weighted using sampling weights available in the 2014–15 DHS data
  3. b Adjusted for pregnancy status, wealth group, residence, education, marital status, age, parity, insurance coverage, employment status