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Table 2 Estimates from logistic regression assessing the relationship between perceived barriers to care and inadequate ANC visits: 2014–15 Demographic and Health Survey data

From: Are perceived barriers to accessing health care associated with inadequate antenatal care visits among women of reproductive age in Rwanda?

 Unadjusted relationshipAdjusted relationship
VariablesORc95%CIcOR c(95%CI) c
Barriers to care
 NoReference Reference 
 Yes1. 31(1.16, 1.49) a1.14(0.99, 1.31)
Pregnancy status
 Planned and wantedReference Reference 
 Unplanned but wanted later1.55(1.36,1.76) a1.36(1.18,1.56) a
 Unplanned and unwanted1.80(1.50,2.15) a1.29(1.06,1.57) b
Age
 15–24 yearsReference Reference 
 25–34 years0.97(0.85,1.10)0.95(0.82,1.10)
 35+ years1.26(1.08,1.48)0.96(0.76,1.20)
Wealth group
 PoorReference Reference 
 Middle class0.93(0.79,1.09)1.02(0.87,1.20)
 Rich0.91(0.80,1.05)1.09(0.94,1.27)
Education
 No education/primaryReference Reference 
 Secondary or higher0.72(0.60,0.86) a0.74(0.62, 0.90) a
Residence
 RuralReference   
 Urban0.97(0.81,1.16) 
Marital status
 Never in unionReference Reference 
 Married or living with partner0.61(0.54,0.84) a0.59(0.49, 0.72) a
 Previously married0.77(0.62,0.96) b0.71(0.54, 0.94) b
Employment status
 Not workingReference Reference 
 Skilled0.67(0.54,0.84) a0.71(0.56, 0.88) a
 Unskilled0.77(0.62,0.96) b0.68(0.54, 0.85) a
Watch TV or listen radio at least once a week
 NoReference   
 Yes0.86(0.77,0.97) b 
Insurance coverage
 NoReference Reference 
 Yes0.67(0.58,0.78) a0.73(0.63, 0.85) a
Number of living Children1.11(1.08, 0.14) a1.12(1.07,1.17) a
  1. OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval
  2. a statistically significant at 1% level of significance,
  3. b significant at 5% level of significance
  4. c All estimates (OR, CI) are weighted using sampling weights, sampling unit and strata available in the 2014–15 DHS data