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Table 4 In a separate analysis only the first registered pregnancy of the woman was included

From: Women with a predisposition for diabetes have an increased risk of pregnancy complications, especially in combination with pregestational overweight

 OverweightPredisp to diabetes over weightPredisp to diabetes normal weightControlsp-value Over weight vs. Controlsp-value predisp to diabetes over weight vs. Over weightp-value predisp to diabetes normal weight vs Controls
N72325293961   
Frequency LGAa (%)3.9 (27/696)12.0 (3/25)11.1 (3/27)1.3 (49/3839)< 0.0010.0810.005
Frequency Macrosomia (%)21.2 (153/723))24.0 (6/25)20.7 (6/29)11.6 (460/3961)< 0.0010.6230.125
Frequency ceasarean sectiona (%)18.3 (132/723)16.0 (4/25)17.2 (5/29)12.0 (476/3961)< 0.0010.7740.386
Low Apgarb 1 min (%)11.0 (79/720)25.0 (6/24)10.3 (3/29)9.1 (359/3924)0.1240.0340.745
Low Apgarb 5 min (%)3.8 (27/718)4.2 (1/24)3.4 (1/29)2.3 (91/3906)0.0250.6090.498
Low Apgarb 10 min (%)1.3 (8/603)5.0 (1/20)0 (0/29)0.9 (29/3122)0.3670.2561.0
Birth weight Median (Range) (g)3520 (770–5440)3690 (870–5800)3630 (2650–5000)3430 (540–5240)< 0.0010.2700.020
n = 722n = 25n = 29n = 3940
Gestational length Median (Range) (weeks)40.1 (25.0–43.3)39.7 (25.7–41.7)40.0 (35.4–42.3)40.0 (25.4–44.4)0.1050.1480.987
n = 722n = 25n = 29n = 3955
BMI Median (Range) Kg/m227.0 (25.0–40.5)28.7 (25.3–37.0)21.0 (18.0–23.7)21.2 (13.2–25.0)< 0.0010.0030.328
n = 723n = 25n = 29n = 3961
Median gestational weight gain14.0(−2–30)12.0 (3–24)15.0 (5–22)14.0 (0–35)0.1970.1470.837
n = 477n = 19n = 21n = 3367
Median age of mother first pregnancy (yrs)29 (17–44)28 (19–41)27 (19–40)28 (17–49< 0.0010.6070.946
n = 723n = 25n = 29n = 3961
Smoking (%)24.628.633.322.60.260.330.32
  1. aData regarding LGA, caesarean section, forceps delivery and vacuum extraction were collected from SMBR
  2. bA low Apgar score was defined as ≤7