Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Multiple logistic regression analysis of knowledge and other factors associated with self-medication during pregnancy

From: Self-medication and knowledge among pregnant women attending primary healthcare services in Malang, Indonesia: a cross-sectional study

VariableModel 1aModel 2bModel 3cModel 4d
cOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)aOR (95% CI)
Knowledge of OTC medication (all statements)
 Knowledge total score1.12 (0.99–1.26)1.16 (1.02–1.33)*
Overall knowledge
 Lower1.001.00
 Higher1.79 (0.91–3.50)2.15 (1.03–4.46)*
Knowledge regarding OTC medication with important statements
 Knowledge about the need to consult any healthcare provider
  Incorrect1.001.00
  Correct3.26 (0.76–14.00)5.07 (1.11–23.2)*
 Knowledge about possible risk from taking OTC medication during pregnancy
  Incorrect1.001.00
  Correct0.35 (0.18–0.70)**0.29 (0.14–0.60)**
Socio-demographic characteristic
 Age
  16–271.001.001.001.00
  28–451.57 (0.80–3.07)2.20 (1.05–4.57)*2.18 (1.05–4.53)*2.14 (1.01–4.50)*
  1. OTC over-the-counter, cOR crude odds ratio, aOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confident interval
  2. aCrude Model
  3. bModel 2 included knowledge total scores and all adjusting variables of socio-demographic characteristics (age, gestational age, education, occupation, residence, and household income), self-perceived health status, and check drug’s leaflet
  4. cModel 3 included overall knowledge (lower vs. higher) and all adjusting variables listed in Model 2
  5. dModel 4 included two knowledge statements of “the need to consult any healthcare provider” and “possible risk from taking OTC medication during pregnancy” and all adjusting variables listed in Model 2
  6. p value * < 0.05; ** < 0.01