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Table 1 Distribution of participants by self-medication

From: Self-medication and knowledge among pregnant women attending primary healthcare services in Malang, Indonesia: a cross-sectional study

VariablesTotal
(n = 333)
%Self-medicationp valuea
 Yes
n (%)
No
n (%)
 
Self-medication in current pregnancy  39 (11.7)294 (88.3) 
Gestational age (trimester)    0.470
 First trimester3711.14 (10.3)33(11.2) 
 Second & Third trimester29688.935 (89.7)261(88.8) 
Age    0.075
 16–2718154.416 (41.0)165 (56.1) 
 28–4515245.623 (59.0)129 (43.9) 
Parity    0.137
 014844.413 (33.3)135 (45.9) 
 1 or more children18555.626 (66.7)159 (54.1) 
Education level    0.880
 Middle school or lower9929.712 (30.8)87 (29.6) 
 High school or higher23470.327 (69.2)207 (70.4) 
Number of ANC Visits    0.174
  < 410531.516 (41.0)89 (30.3) 
  ≥ 422868.523 (59.0)205 (69.7) 
Occupation    0.901
 Student144.22 (5.1)12 (4.1) 
 Homemaker24072.127 (69.2)213 (72.4) 
 Employed7923.710 (25.6)69 (23.5) 
Household Income    0.897
  < 1.5 Million Rupiah15947.719 (48.7)140 (47.6) 
 1.5 Million Rupiah or more17452.320 (51.3)154 (52.4) 
Residence    0.174
 Urban24373.032 (82.1)211 (71.8) 
 Rural9027.07 (17.9)83 (28.2) 
Self-perceived Health Status    0.997
 Good23971.828 (71.8)211 (71.8) 
 Bad9428.211 (28.2)83 (28.2) 
Checking drug leaflet    0.510
 Always18455.319 (48.7)165 (56.1) 
 Sometimes11735.117 (43.6)100 (34.0) 
 Never329.63 (7.7)29 (9.9) 
  1. ap value from chi square tests and Fisher’s exact test